A Model-Driven Visualization System Based on DVDL

  • Yi DuEmail author
  • Lei Ren
  • Yuanchun Zhou
  • Jianhui Li
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10228)


Though model-driven engineering (MDE) methodology has made significant improvements in terms of efficiency and effectiveness in many areas of software development, the same cannot be said in the development of data visualization systems. With this challenge in mind, this paper introduces DVDL, a modular and hierarchical visualization description language that take advantage of the model-based design of MDE to describe visualization development at an abstract level. This paper also presents DVIZ, a visualization system based on DVDL. With a growing popularity and demand for data visualization technology, a number of visualization tools have emerged in recent years, though few would be considered as adaptable and scalable as DVIZ. Some of its key features include the ability for users to select data source, configure properties of visual elements, publish and share result. The system also supports real-time result generation and multi-visuals interaction. Lastly, since DVIZ is web-based, it supports distribution of result across various social media.


Visualization system User interface description language Model-driven development methodology End user programming 



This work was supported by the National Key Research Program of China under Grant No. 2016YFB1000600 and No. 2016YFB0501900, Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 61402435 and No. 61572057.


  1. 1.
    Shneiderman, B.: The eyes have it: a task by data type taxonomy for information visualizations. In: The Craft of Information Visualization: Readings and Reflections, pp. 364–371 (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Heer, J., Card, S.K., Landay, J.A.: Prefuse: a toolkit for interactive information visualization. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 421–430 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bostock, M., Ogievetsky, V., Heer, J.: D3 data-driven documents. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 17, 2301–2309 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stolte, C., Tang, D., Hanrahan, P.: Polaris: a system for query, analysis, and visualization of multidimensional relational databases. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 8, 52–65 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Satyanarayan, A., Heer, J.: Lyra: an interactive visualization design environment. Comput. Graph. Forum 33, 351–360 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Paterno’, F., Santoro, C., Spano, L.D.: MARIA: a universal, declarative, multiple abstraction-level language for service-oriented applications in ubiquitous environments. ACM Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact. 16, 1–30 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nichols, J., Myers, B.A.: Creating a lightweight user interface description language: an overview and analysis of the personal universal controller project. ACM Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact. 16, 1–37 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Navarre, D., Palanque, P., Ladry, J.-F., Barboni, E.: ICOs: a model-based user interface description technique dedicated to interactive systems addressing usability, reliability and scalability. ACM Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact. 16, 1–56 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yi, D., Tian, F., Ma, C., Dai, G.: A user interface generation framework based on multi-scale description method. Chin. J. Comput. 36(11), 2179–2190 (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yi, D., Deng, C., Tian, F., Dai, G.: Extensible user interface description language. J. Softw. 24(5), 1127–1142 (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    van Wijk, J.J., Nuij, W.A.: A model for smooth viewing and navigation of large 2D information spaces. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 10, 447–458 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Satyanarayan, A., Wongsuphasawat, K., Heer, J.: Declarative interaction design for data visualization. Presented at the Proceedings of the 27th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heer, J., Bostock, M.: Declarative language design for interactive visualization. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 16, 1149–1156 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Viegas, F.B., Wattenberg, M., van Ham, F., Kriss, J., McKeon, M.: ManyEyes: a site for visualization at internet scale. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 13, 1121–1128 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zgraggen, E., Zeleznik, R., Drucker, S.M.: PanoramicData: data analysis through pen & touch. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 20, 2112–2121 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yi, D., Tian, F., Dai, G.: A development approach based on extensible user interface description language. J. Softw. 26(7), 1772–1784 (2015)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Big Data Technology and Application Development, Computer Network Information CenterChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Automation Science and Electrical EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations