Effect of NBR-Waste on Rheological Properties of Modified Bitumen and Mechanical Characteristics of the Asphalt Mix

  • Khedoudja Soudani
  • Véronique Cerezo
  • Smail Haddadi
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Under the effect of severe climatic conditions and heavy vehicles traffic, premature and irreversible damages occur on road pavements carried out with conventional bituminous materials.

To deal with this situation, one of the most efficient way is the modification of bitumen by adding polymers. Moreover, use of waste polymers to modify bitumen is a promising solution in view of protecting environment.

The properties of modified bitumen are determined through rheological tests. This led to a better knowledge of bitumen behavior under various thermal and mechanical conditions.

In the present work, properties of modified bitumen by NBR-waste (waste of sole of shoes) are assessed and compared to the properties of 40/50 penetration grade bitumen. Then, mechanical characteristics of asphalt mixes are determined by using Marshall test.

Rheological tests are performed with a Haake Rheostress 1 rheometer. Frequency and temperature sweep tests in oscillatory shear are performed within the linear viscoelastic range of the materials. Results show that NBR-waste influences bitumen rheology, by increasing viscoelastic function and decreasing phase angle. The NBR-waste bitumen is characterized by higher stiffness and elasticity, due to an increase of the elastic (storage) modulus G′. Also, the NBR-waste improves rheological behavior of bitumen. We have also achieved a marked increase in the Marshall quotient, which reflects an improvement of the mechanical performances of waste NBR modified asphalt.


  1. Aguiar-Moya, J.P., et al. (2013) Use of waste products as bitumen modifiers in Costa Rica. In: 5th EATA Conference, Braunschweig, Germany, 3–5 June 2013Google Scholar
  2. AIPCR-LCPC: Emplois des bitumes spéciaux, des liants bitumineux modifiés et avec additifs en techniques routières. Rapport préparé par un groupe de travail, le Comité technique 8 des routes souples, France, 204 pp. (1999)Google Scholar
  3. Airey, G.D.: Rheological evaluation of ethylene vinyl acetate polymer modified bitumens. Constr. Build. Mater. 16(18), 473–487 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. AASHTO: Standard method of test for determining the rheological properties of asphalt binder using dynamic shear rheometer (DSR), designation T315-10. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (2010)Google Scholar
  5. Bahia, H.U., et al.: Strategic highway research program binder rheological parameters: Background and comparison with conventional properties. Transportation Research Record 1488, pp. 32–39. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC (1995)Google Scholar
  6. Djemaci, B., et al.: La Géstion Intégrée des Déchets Solides en Algérie. Contraintes et Limites de sa Mise en Oeuvre (2011).
  7. Golzin, Y., et al.: Improving the performance of crumb rubber bitumen by means of Poly Phosphoric Acid (PPA) and Vestenamer additives. Constr. Build. Mater. 25, 3108–3116 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gonzalez, O., et al.: Rheology and stability of bitumen/EVA blends. Eur. Polym. J. 40, 2365–2372 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haddadi, S.: Influence de la poudrette de caoutchouc sur le comportement au fluage des enrobés bitumineux. Ph.D. thesis, FGC/USTHB (2007)Google Scholar
  10. Haddadi, S., et al.: Effects of the manufacturing process on the performances of the bituminous binders modified with EVA. Constr. Build. Mater. 22, 1212–1219 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Isacsson, U., et al.: Characterization of bitumens modified with SEBS, EVA and EBA polymers. J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3737–3745 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Köfteci, S., et al.: Performance evaluation of bitumen modified by various types of waste plastics. Constr. Build. Mater. 73, 592–602 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Malkoc, G., et al.: Improving mechanical properties of hot-mixed asphalt using plastic waste (polyethylene terephthalate). In: 5th Eurasphalt and Eurobitume Congress, Istanbul (2012)Google Scholar
  14. Merbouh, M. : Contribution à la modélisation du comportement rhéologique des enrobés bitumineux: influence des conditions extrêmes de température et de trafic en fatigue. Ph.D. thesis, University of Bordeaux 1 (2010)Google Scholar
  15. Navarro, F.J., et al.: Rheology and microstructure of MDI–PEG reactive prepolymer-modified bitumen. Mech. Time Depend. Mater. 10(4), 347–359 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nguyen, D.-T.: Prédiction des déformations permanentes des Couches de surface des chaussées Bitumineuses. Ph.D. thesis, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, France (2006)Google Scholar
  17. Ramond, G., et al.: Caractéristiques de bitumes utilisés en Algérie. Bulletin de liaison ponts et chaussées, BLPC, N° 225, pp. 3–11 (2000)Google Scholar
  18. Recommandations Algériennes sur l’Utilisation des Bitumes et Enrobés Bitumineux. Organisme de Contrôle Technique des Travaux Publics. Ministère des Travaux Public, Algérie (2004)Google Scholar
  19. Soudani, K., et al.: Influence Process of Modification of Bituminous Concrete by the NBR on the Mechanical and Rheological Characteristics (2010)Google Scholar
  20. Uzun, İ., et al.: Evaluation of andesite waste as mineral filler in asphaltic concrete mixture. Constr. Build. Mater. 31, 284–288 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Vincent, T., et al.: A Self-learning Manual Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q&A Method) U (2010)Google Scholar
  22. Zhang, J., et al.: Evaluation of the improved properties of SBR/weathered coal modified bitumen containing carbon black. Constr. Build. Mater. 23, 2678–2687 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khedoudja Soudani
    • 1
  • Véronique Cerezo
    • 2
  • Smail Haddadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Environment Water, Works and Geomechanics (LEEGO)USTHBAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.Environmental Assessment, Safety and Eco-design LaboratoryIFSTTARNantesFrance

Personalised recommendations