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Effect of NBR-Waste on Rheological Properties of Modified Bitumen and Mechanical Characteristics of the Asphalt Mix

  • Khedoudja Soudani
  • Véronique Cerezo
  • Smail Haddadi
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

Under the effect of severe climatic conditions and heavy vehicles traffic, premature and irreversible damages occur on road pavements carried out with conventional bituminous materials.

To deal with this situation, one of the most efficient way is the modification of bitumen by adding polymers. Moreover, use of waste polymers to modify bitumen is a promising solution in view of protecting environment.

The properties of modified bitumen are determined through rheological tests. This led to a better knowledge of bitumen behavior under various thermal and mechanical conditions.

In the present work, properties of modified bitumen by NBR-waste (waste of sole of shoes) are assessed and compared to the properties of 40/50 penetration grade bitumen. Then, mechanical characteristics of asphalt mixes are determined by using Marshall test.

Rheological tests are performed with a Haake Rheostress 1 rheometer. Frequency and temperature sweep tests in oscillatory shear are performed within the linear viscoelastic range of the materials. Results show that NBR-waste influences bitumen rheology, by increasing viscoelastic function and decreasing phase angle. The NBR-waste bitumen is characterized by higher stiffness and elasticity, due to an increase of the elastic (storage) modulus G′. Also, the NBR-waste improves rheological behavior of bitumen. We have also achieved a marked increase in the Marshall quotient, which reflects an improvement of the mechanical performances of waste NBR modified asphalt.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khedoudja Soudani
    • 1
  • Véronique Cerezo
    • 2
  • Smail Haddadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Environment Water, Works and Geomechanics (LEEGO)USTHBAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.Environmental Assessment, Safety and Eco-design LaboratoryIFSTTARNantesFrance

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