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Chewing and Bubble Gum

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Confectionery Science and Technology


Over the years, man has chewed various things for health and pleasure. In ancient Greece, people chewed resin of the mastic tree. This mastiche, as the product was called, was thought to help clean teeth and freshen breath . In the Americas, the native North Americans chewed tree sap and the Mayan Indians chewed chicle, the sap (or latex) from the sapodilla tree, which grows in Central America. This predilection of early man for putting things in the mouth and chewing it has led to the one of the largest categories of confectionery products – gum .

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Thanks to Gwen Graf (Wrigley), Doug Fritz, Navroz Bhogani (Mondelez) and Bob Boutin (Knechtel) for comments on this chapter. Thanks also to Cindy Cosmos (Bell Flavors & Fragrances), Pam Gesford (Hershey Co.) and Gale Myers (Sensient) for input on colors and flavors.

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Hartel, R.W., von Elbe, J.H., Hofberger, R. (2018). Chewing and Bubble Gum. In: Confectionery Science and Technology. Springer, Cham.

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