The Cued Recall Test: Detection of Memory Impairment
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Memory decline is a characteristic of normal aging as well as an early symptom of dementia in Alzheimer’s disease (DAD) in both individuals from the general population and in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). The determination of decline in individuals with ID is difficult because they have a compromised memory system even when young and healthy and because there are substantial individual differences in level of functioning. The Cued Recall Test, a list-learning task that presents test items in a controlled learning paradigm, has both concurrent and predictive validity and is promising as a research and as a clinical diagnostic measure for the identification of memory impairment in adults with ID.
The authors would like to thank Phyllis Kittler, Ph.D. and Catherine Marino, R.N. for their many contributions to this longitudinal study. We are grateful to the participants and their families for their cooperation and the agencies that have supported us and extended their hospitality during our test sessions: AHRC New York League Workshops in Manhattan and the Bronx; ARC of Westchester; ARC of New Jersey; Brooklyn Guild for Exceptional Children and the Conklin Residence; Builders of Family and Youth of the Diocese of Brooklyn; Pathfinder Village; and Wassaic Developmental Center. We also thank all diagnosticians who shared their findings with us. In particular we would like to acknowledge the contributions of Dr. J. Tsouris, Dr. Madrid, and P. Patti, M.A. from the George Jervis Clinic of the NYS Institute for Basic Research. Finally, we would like to thank Dr. Ausma Rabe and Dr. Ira Cohen for critical comments on the manuscript. This work has been supported by funds from the New York State Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities and NIH grants PO1 AG 11531 to H.M. Wisniewski, PO1 HD35897 to W. Silverman, RO1 AG 14771 to D.A. Devenny, and RO1 AG031110-03A1 to B. Handen.
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