Women and Epilepsy
Epilepsy has particularly adverse effects on girls and women in many biological and psychosocial aspects that are different from men. As a result, women with epilepsy face special challenges, especially in the area of reproductive health. The biological areas affected by epilepsy and AEDs include the menstrual cycle from menarche to menopause, sexuality and contraception, fertility, pregnancy and breastfeeding. Maternal parenting may become handicapped by safety issues due to continuing epileptic seizures and adverse drug effects. Psychosocial, safety and legal issues are also of paramount importance in women with epilepsies who take care of children, partners or parents. However, most women with epilepsy can live normal personal and family lives with determination, proper medical and psychological support and guidance, and other appropriate help.
KeywordsPregnancy and epilepsy Menstrual cycle Sexuality and contraception Fertility Breastfeeding Maternal parenting Psychosocial Safety and legal issues
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