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Reasons and Possibilities of Fish Meal Replacement in the Siberian Sturgeon

  • Benedetto Sicuro
Chapter

Abstract

Although several fish feed companies currently produce commercial sturgeon feeds, in Siberian sturgeon farming, most farmers usually use nonspecific fish diets, particularly high-energy salmonid diets. Considering the general situation and trend of finfish nutrition, it is clear that forage fish meal should be reduced at minimum quantity in the future of fish artificial nutrition. For this reason, new ingredients already tested with other species have been progressively introduced in Siberian sturgeon nutrition. Fish meal replacement has substantially followed the path of salmonid artificial feeding. Most commonly used vegetal protein alternative to fish meal has been initially soybean meal and successively soybean meal included in blends of vegetal proteins. Between animal protein sources, blends of rendered animal proteins have been recently used with success. The replacement of fish meal with rendered terrestrial animal products added with lysine and methionine appears the most interesting possibility in the future as no adverse effect of fish growth and substantial modifications on fish body composition have been observed, while replacement with vegetal protein appears less attractive solution as soybean meal can interfere in fish reproduction for the presence of phytoestrogens.

Keywords

Fish meal replacement Soybean meal Antinutritional factors Rendered animal protein Blend of vegetal proteins Blend of rendered animal proteins 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary SciencesUniversity of TorinoTorinoItaly

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