Synthesis of Introduction Trials of Siberian Sturgeon in North European Part of Russia

Chapter

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to synthesize the documented facts of Siberian sturgeon introductions in the natural water bodies of the North European part of the USSR, carried out in 1964–1983. This chapter summarises the results of Siberian sturgeon juveniles of different origin (the Lena River, Lake Baikal) introduction and data related to its distribution and the growth and survival rates in the Gulfs of Finland and Riga of the Baltic Sea and Lake Ladoga. The carried-out introduction works “to expand the range of Siberian sturgeon” revealed the great potential of its growth under more favorable conditions and for the first time concluded about high level of its adaptive plasticity, which was the basis for this species as a promising object for wide commercial farming. The most important prerequisite for the introduction of Siberian sturgeon juveniles was a high food capacity of water bodies and a sufficiently large area, allowing fish to make food migration in the case of reduced quantity of food organisms in different areas. A mass bycatch of juveniles at the commercial fishing of other fish species and illegal poaching of adult sturgeon was also considered as a common cause of low efficiency of the introduction of both the Siberian sturgeon and other sturgeon species. To establish a self-reproducing sturgeon population, it was necessary first of all to create the conditions for natural propagation formulate- and formulate special regulations of commercial fishing in the water body—recipient. For a long time, numerous attempts of Siberian sturgeon introduction into various water bodies of the former USSR failed.

Keywords

Siberian sturgeons Introduction Baltic Sea Ladoga Lake Migration Habitat Monitoring, Russia 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Regional Centre for Sturgeon Gene Pool ConservationKrasnodarRussian Federation
  2. 2.Department of Aquatic Biological Resources and AquacultureKuban State UniversityKrasnodarRussian Federation
  3. 3.AudengeFrance

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