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Controlled Reproduction of Farmed Siberian Sturgeon Acipenser baerii Brandt

  • Patrick Williot
  • Mikhail Chebanov
Chapter

Abstract

The present chapter is a synthesis of the available data related to the management of the reproduction of the Siberian sturgeon under farmed conditions. Some reproduction-related biological characteristics are briefly quoted. Preselection of potential brood fish is related in detail as well as pre-spawning holding regime with a focus on water temperature. Definite selection of reputed ready-to-spawn brood fish is described. As for preselection, the usefulness for the definite selection of the rate of migration of the germinal vesicle towards the animal pole (the polarization index, PI) is presented. The two tools for males (echography and texture of testis) are evoked. With regard to females, plasmatic indicators and observations of ovarian follicles are described with a focus on the powerful of the in vitro maturation competence (IVMC). The different alternatives for hormonal stimulation, including some unusual practices when management somewhat failed, are described in conjunction with time scale working agenda. Collection, observations, stocking and management of gametes are successively presented. The many possibilities for the so-called de-adhesive treatment are described as post-fertilization treatment. Some data on yields and perspectives are discussed. In general, we provide practical comments and a lot of illustration both with photos and graphs.

Keywords

Acipenser baerii Controlled reproduction Preselection criteria Water temperature Polarization index Selection of ready-to-spawn brood fish In vitro maturation competence Hormonal stimulation Collection of gametes Management of gametes De-adhesive treatment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Marie-Hélène Pellegrini for her decisive help in rebuilding most of the figures.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AudengeFrance
  2. 2.State Regional Center for Sturgeon Gene Pool Conservation “Kubanbioresursi”KrasnodarRussian Federation
  3. 3.Department of Aquatic Biological Resources and AquacultureKuban State UniversityKrasnodarRussian Federation

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