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An Assessment of the Characteristics of World Production of Siberian Sturgeon Destined to Human Consumption

  • Mikhail Chebanov
  • Patrick Williot
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview on the world gross production of Siberian sturgeon and its related farmed caviar. The different production structures (flow-through raceways, cages, and recirculated aquaculture systems (RAS)) used in the world for the cultivation of Siberian sturgeon are briefly given. Then, the history of farming the species in as much countries as possible is reported according to two periods, namely, the initiation (till 2000) and the developmental (after 2000). The production trends and price dynamics (for some occasional periods) in the various countries in the last 40 years are described. In 2014–2015, the yearly gross production was assessed to be closed to 27,000–28,000 tons and that of caviar to about 150 tons. The new methods of caviar production from ovulated eggs of the Siberian sturgeon and the trend of production are given. Undoubtedly, the geographical distribution of Siberian sturgeon farms has been much broader than that engaged in farming of other sturgeon species. While most of the enterprises that are producing the larger part of the overall capacity are located in China, Russia, and France, a lot of new countries (Armenia) worldwide are involved in this production. There is Uruguay at the south to some in the Polar Circle near Murmansk (Russia) and Norway and from the USA (Northern Carolina and Florida) at the west to South Korea at the east. Some economic characteristics of the Siberian sturgeon production are given (selling prices, production costs, etc.). Finally, the analysis of the context allows suggesting some perspectives for the farming of the species.

Keywords

Siberian sturgeon Farming Geographical distribution Caviar Gross production Meat Production structure Market Economics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank all the mentioned below colleagues, who have provided valuable personal communications within the scope of the chapter (see list below), and D. Ananyev, O. Chebanova, V. Krupskiy, and Ya. Merkulov. Most sincere thanks are due to G. Nonnotte for assessment and comments in the course of the preparation of this chapter and for computing the conversion of currencies.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Regional Centre for Sturgeon Gene Pool Conservation KubanbioresursiKrasnodarRussian Federation
  2. 2.Department of Aquatic Biological Resources and AquacultureKuban State UniversityKrasnodarRussian Federation
  3. 3.AudengeFrance

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