Artificial Production of Siberian Sturgeon Fingerlings for Restocking the Siberian Rivers of the Ob’-Irtysh Basin: A Synthesis

Chapter

Abstract

Optimization of works on the artificial reproduction of Siberian sturgeon(Acipenser baerii Brandt) by improving technological and organizational methods will be able to increase significantly the efficiency of sturgeon farm reproduction, serve a prerequisite for preserving the genetic diversity, and restore its stocks in natural reservoirs of Western Siberia.

The results of researches on the rearing of Siberian sturgeon larvae and juveniles with use of live feeds (Artemia nauplii) enriched by highly unsaturated fatty acids (DHA, EPA, linen seed oil, sunflower seed oil, etc.), probiotics, and vitamins are discussed in the article. The data on the biochemical composition of highly essential fatty acids in enriched live feeds are given. A comparative analysis of the rate of sturgeon linear-weight growth and survival at different rations of feeding for larvae and juveniles is presented.

Due to rapid transferring of Siberian sturgeon fry with the help of nonself-propelled vessel from Abalak Sturgeon Hatchery Farm (ASHF) which is situated in the Irtysh River, 200,000 fingerlings with average weight 3.9 g in 2007 were released in nursery areas—the mouth and inlet of the Ob’ River with rich natural food supply. In all period (24 days) of sturgeon fry transportation in distance 1700 km, juveniles were not fed. Starvation of fry in the period of transportation had a significant impact on the value of hematological parameters. The color index and viscosity of the blood cells decreased. The rate of erythrocyte sedimentation increased 2.3 times on average (from 4.3 ± 1.1 mm/HR to 8.4 ± 2.3). Protein content after 24 days of starvation decreased 1.24 times (from 10.58 to 8.51%), and fat content decreased from 0.31 to 0.25%. The moisture content of fingerlings increased from 87.56% on the first day of fasting to 88.4% on the 24th day. Ichthyopathological examination of transported sturgeons showed the absence of parasites: protozoa of genera Trichodina and Diplostomum.

Keywords

Sturgeon Fingerlings Artificial reproduction Artemia Enrichment HUFA Rearing Starvation Transportation Hematological and biochemical indices 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Scientific-and-Production Centre for Fisheries (“Gosrybcenter”)TyumenRussia

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