Advertisement

The Study on Groundwater Recharge and Evolution in Northwestern China

  • Yunpu Zheng
  • Lili Guo
  • Liang Liu
  • Lihua Hao
  • Qiang Ma
  • Jingui Wang
  • Fei Li
  • Lishu Wang
  • Ming Xu
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)

Abstract

The recharge and evolution of groundwater in the Wuwei Basin were investigated using chemical indicators, stable isotopes, and radiocarbon data. The results showed that the concentrations of Na+ and K+ in the groundwater were controlled by the dissolution of halite and sylvite from fine-grained sediments, whereas the increase of Na+ and Cl was not in accordance with a ratio of 1:1, indicating that the dissolution of halite and sylvite barely affected the concentrations of Na+ and K+ in groundwater. Meanwhile, HCO3 was the dominant ion with a decreased ratio in the groundwater. The SO42−/Cl ratio decreased with the sample profile from Southwest to Northeast due mainly to the increases of Cl concentration. The Cl was enriched in the hydrodynamic sluggish belt, and thus the Ca2+/Cl ratio decreased with the enhancement of Cl. In addition, the δ18O and δ2H values of groundwater gradually increased from Southwest to Northeast along the flow path. Compared with the isotopic values of precipitation, the heavy isotopic values were strongly depleted in the groundwater samples, suggesting that the recharge of groundwater in the plain region was very limited from precipitation. Moreover, the groundwater in the phreatic aquifer was younger water with 3H values from 47 to 71 a.BP, while the groundwater age in the confined aquifer was 1000–5800 BP evidenced by the 14C values between 48 and 88 pmc. These results suggested that the recharge duration of the groundwater was from the late Pleistocene or early Holocene. These results might have important significance for inter-basin water allocation and groundwater management of the Wuwei Basin.

Keywords

Environmental isotopes Hydrochemistry Groundwater circulation Iron 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31400418), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (No. E2015402128, C2016402088), the Young Outstanding Innovative Talents of Hebei Province (BJ2016012), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation funded project (2014M561044 and 2016T90128).

References

  1. 1.
    Vairavamoorthy, K., Gorantiwar, S.D., Pathirana, A.: Managing urban water supplies in developing countries-climate change and water scarcity scenarios. Phys. Chem. Earth. Parts A/B/C 33, 330–339 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2008.02.008
  2. 2.
    Vörösmarty, C.J., McIntyre, P.B., Gessner, M.O., Dudgeon, D., Prusevich, A., Green, P., Glidden, S., Bunn, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Liermann, R.C., Davies, P.M.: Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature 467, 555–561 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kinzelbach, W., Bauer, P., Siegfried, T., Brunner, P.: Sustainable groundwater management problems and scientific tools. Episodes 26, 279–284 (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scanlon, B.R., Keese, K.E., Flint, A.L., Flint, L.E., Gaye, C.B., Edmunds, W.M., Simmers, I.: Global synthesis of groundwater recharge in semiarid and arid regions. Hydrol. Process. 20, 3335–3370 (2006).  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ma, J.Z., Wang, X.S., Edmunds, W.M.: The characteristics of ground-water resources and their changes under the impacts of human activity in the arid northwest China—a case study of the Shiyang River Basin. J. Arid Environ. 61, 277–295 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2004.07.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Feng, Q., Wei, L., Su, Y.H.: Distribution and evolution of water chemistry in Heihe River Basin. Environ. Geol. 45, 947–956 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-003-0950-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, Y.N., Chen, Y.P., Xu, C.C., Ye, Z.X., Li, Z.Q., Zhu, C.G., Ma, X.D.: Effects of ecological water conveyance on groundwater dynamics and riparian vegetation in the lower reaches of Tarim River, China. Hydrol. Process. 24, 170–177 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, Z.Y., Nie, Z.L., Zhang, G.H., Wan, L., Shen, J.M.: Environmental isotopic study on the recharge and residence time of groundwater in the Heihe River Basin, northwestern China. Hydrogeol. J. 14, 1635–1651 (2006).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-006-0075-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li, J.: Water shortages loom as northern China’s aquifers are sucked dry. Nature 328, 1462–1463 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.328.5985.1462-aCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huang, T.M., Pang, Z.H.: Changes in groundwater induced by water diversion in the lower Tarim River, Xinjiang Uygur, NW China: evidence from environmental isotopes and water chemistry. J. Hydrol. 387, 188–201 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.04.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ding, H.W., Zhao, C., Huang, X.H.: The ecological environment and desertification in the Shule River basin. Arid Zone Res. 18, 5–10 (2001).  https://doi.org/10.13866/j.azr.2001.02.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhu, G.F., Su, Y.H., Feng, Q.: The hydrochemical characteristics and evolution of groundwater and surface water in the Heihe River Basin, northwest China. Hydrogeol. J. 16, 167–182 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-007-0216-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Edmunds, W.M., Ma, J., Aeschbach-Hertig, W.: Groundwater recharge history and hydrogeochemical evolution in the Minqin Basin, North West China. Appl. Geochem. 21, 2148–2170 (2006).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.07.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wu, Y.Q., Wen, X., Zhang, Y.: Analysis of the exchange of groundwater and river water by using Radon-222 in the middle Heihe Basin of northwestern China. Environ. Geol. 45, 647–653 (2004).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-003-0914-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hu, L.T., Chen, C.X., Jiao, J.J., Wang, Z.J.: Simulated groundwater interaction with rivers and springs in the Heihe river basin. Hydrol. Process. 21, 2794–2806 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ma, J.Z., Gao, Q.Z.: Groundwater vulnerability and its assessing method in the arid land of NW China. Arid Land Geogr. 26, 44–49 (2003).  https://doi.org/10.13826/j.cnki.cn65-1103/x.2003.01.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ma, J., Ding, Z., Gates, J.B., Su, Y.: Chloride and the environmental isotopes as the indicators of the groundwater recharge in the Gobi desert, northwest China. Environ. Geol. 55, 1407–1419 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-1091-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ma, J., Pan, F., Chen, L.H., Edmunds, W.M., Ding, Z.Y., He, J.H., Zhou, K.P., Huang, T.M.: Isotopic and geochemical evidence of recharge sources and water quality in the Quaternary aquifer beneath Jinchang city, NW China. Appl. Geochem. 25, 996–1007 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.04.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ding, Y.J., Liu, S.Y., Li, J., Shangguan, D.H.: The retreat of glaciers in response to recent climate warming in western China. Ann. Glaciol. 43, 97–105 (2006).  https://doi.org/10.3189/172756406781812005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Edmunds, W.M., Carrillo-Rivera, J.J., Cardona, A.: Geochemical evolution of groundwater beneath Mexico City. J. Hydrol. 258, 1–24 (2002).  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(01)00461-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    He, J.H., Ma, J.Z., Zhang, P., Tian, L.M., Zhu, G.F., Edmunds, W.M., Zhang, Q.H.: Groundwater recharge environments and hydrogeochemical evolution in the Jiuquan Basin, northwest China. Appl. Geochem. 27, 866–878 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.01.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schoeller, H.: Geochemistry of groundwater. In: Brown, R.H. (ed.) Groundwater Studies–An International Guide for Research and Practice, pp. 1–18. UNESCO, Paris (1977)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang, N.L., He, J.Q., Pu, J.C., Jiang, X., Jing, Z.F.: Variations in equilibrium line altitude of the Qiyi Glacier, Qilian Mountains, over the past 50 years. Chin. Sci. Bull. 55, 3810–3817 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-010-4167-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang, P.Y., Li, Z.Q., Gao, W.Y.: Rapid shrinking of glaciers in the Middle Qilian Mountain region of northwest China during the last 50 years. J. Earth Sci. 22, 539–548 (2011).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-011-0195-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang, Y.H., Wu, Y., Su, J., Wen, X., Liu, F.: Groundwater replenishment analysis by using natural isotopes in Ejina Basin, northwestern China. Environ. Geol. 48, 6–14 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1214-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang, H.S.: A brief introduction of the changes in groundwater resources in the Hexi Corridor. Hydrogeol. Eng. Geol. 32, 81–84 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2005.04.020CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunpu Zheng
    • 1
  • Lili Guo
    • 1
  • Liang Liu
    • 1
  • Lihua Hao
    • 1
  • Qiang Ma
    • 2
  • Jingui Wang
    • 1
  • Fei Li
    • 1
  • Lishu Wang
    • 1
  • Ming Xu
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Water Conservancy and HydropowerHebei University of EngineeringHandanChina
  2. 2.Yahoo! Inc.SunnyvaleUSA
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural ResourcesRutgers University, Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial AnalysisNew BrunswickUSA

Personalised recommendations