The Study on Groundwater Recharge and Evolution in Northwestern China
The recharge and evolution of groundwater in the Wuwei Basin were investigated using chemical indicators, stable isotopes, and radiocarbon data. The results showed that the concentrations of Na+ and K+ in the groundwater were controlled by the dissolution of halite and sylvite from fine-grained sediments, whereas the increase of Na+ and Cl− was not in accordance with a ratio of 1:1, indicating that the dissolution of halite and sylvite barely affected the concentrations of Na+ and K+ in groundwater. Meanwhile, HCO3− was the dominant ion with a decreased ratio in the groundwater. The SO42−/Cl− ratio decreased with the sample profile from Southwest to Northeast due mainly to the increases of Cl− concentration. The Cl− was enriched in the hydrodynamic sluggish belt, and thus the Ca2+/Cl− ratio decreased with the enhancement of Cl−. In addition, the δ18O and δ2H values of groundwater gradually increased from Southwest to Northeast along the flow path. Compared with the isotopic values of precipitation, the heavy isotopic values were strongly depleted in the groundwater samples, suggesting that the recharge of groundwater in the plain region was very limited from precipitation. Moreover, the groundwater in the phreatic aquifer was younger water with 3H values from 47 to 71 a.BP, while the groundwater age in the confined aquifer was 1000–5800 BP evidenced by the 14C values between 48 and 88 pmc. These results suggested that the recharge duration of the groundwater was from the late Pleistocene or early Holocene. These results might have important significance for inter-basin water allocation and groundwater management of the Wuwei Basin.
KeywordsEnvironmental isotopes Hydrochemistry Groundwater circulation Iron
This study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31400418), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (No. E2015402128, C2016402088), the Young Outstanding Innovative Talents of Hebei Province (BJ2016012), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation funded project (2014M561044 and 2016T90128).
- 1.Vairavamoorthy, K., Gorantiwar, S.D., Pathirana, A.: Managing urban water supplies in developing countries-climate change and water scarcity scenarios. Phys. Chem. Earth. Parts A/B/C 33, 330–339 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2008.02.008
- 2.Vörösmarty, C.J., McIntyre, P.B., Gessner, M.O., Dudgeon, D., Prusevich, A., Green, P., Glidden, S., Bunn, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Liermann, R.C., Davies, P.M.: Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature 467, 555–561 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 3.Kinzelbach, W., Bauer, P., Siegfried, T., Brunner, P.: Sustainable groundwater management problems and scientific tools. Episodes 26, 279–284 (2003)Google Scholar
- 5.Ma, J.Z., Wang, X.S., Edmunds, W.M.: The characteristics of ground-water resources and their changes under the impacts of human activity in the arid northwest China—a case study of the Shiyang River Basin. J. Arid Environ. 61, 277–295 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2004.07.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Ma, J.Z., Gao, Q.Z.: Groundwater vulnerability and its assessing method in the arid land of NW China. Arid Land Geogr. 26, 44–49 (2003). https://doi.org/10.13826/j.cnki.cn65-1103/x.2003.01.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 18.Ma, J., Pan, F., Chen, L.H., Edmunds, W.M., Ding, Z.Y., He, J.H., Zhou, K.P., Huang, T.M.: Isotopic and geochemical evidence of recharge sources and water quality in the Quaternary aquifer beneath Jinchang city, NW China. Appl. Geochem. 25, 996–1007 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.04.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 22.Schoeller, H.: Geochemistry of groundwater. In: Brown, R.H. (ed.) Groundwater Studies–An International Guide for Research and Practice, pp. 1–18. UNESCO, Paris (1977)Google Scholar
- 26.Zhang, H.S.: A brief introduction of the changes in groundwater resources in the Hexi Corridor. Hydrogeol. Eng. Geol. 32, 81–84 (2005). https://doi.org/10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2005.04.020CrossRefGoogle Scholar