The Chalice and the Rainbow: Conflicts Between Women’s Spirituality and Transgender Rights in US Wicca in the 2010s

  • Michelle Mueller
Part of the Palgrave Studies in New Religions and Alternative Spiritualities book series (PSNRAS)


US Wicca has been the hybrid product of British Traditional Witchcraft and 1970s-era American feminism. The twenty-first-century US Pagan movement has seen changing definitions of gender and the rise of transgender and gender-fluid identity in the public sphere. Philosophies at the heart of the women’s spirituality movement that helped form Wicca and other US contemporary Pagan traditions are now incompatible with many beliefs and needs of transgender contemporary Pagans and their allies. As its members seek to affirm transgender identity, the current Pagan movement is lacking in its ability to adequately analyze the role of sex differences in global gender inequality.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Mueller
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Religious StudiesSanta Clara UniversitySanta ClaraUSA

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