Sensing and Data Acquisition

  • Bing DongEmail author
  • Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard
  • Marilena De Simone
  • H. Burak Gunay
  • William O’Brien
  • Dafni Mora
  • Jakub Dziedzic
  • Jie Zhao


Occupant sensing and data acquisition are essential elements for occupant behavior research. A wide range of different types of sensors has been implemented to collect rich information on occupants and their interactions with the built environment, such as presence, actions, power consumption, etc. This information establishes a foundation to study the physiological, psychological, and social aspects of occupant behavior. This chapter summarizes existing occupancy and occupant behavior sensing and data acquisition technologies in terms of field applications, and develops nine performance metrics for their evaluation. The reviewed technologies focus on both occupants’ presence and interactions with the built environment, and are grouped into six major categories: image-based, threshold and mechanical, motion sensing, radio-based, human-in-the-loop, and consumption sensing. This chapter provides an overview and discussion of different current state-of-the-art and future sensing technologies for researchers.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing Dong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard
    • 2
  • Marilena De Simone
    • 3
  • H. Burak Gunay
    • 4
  • William O’Brien
    • 4
  • Dafni Mora
    • 5
  • Jakub Dziedzic
    • 6
  • Jie Zhao
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Texas at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Center for Energy Informatics, Mærsk McKinney Møller InstituteUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management EngineeringUniversity of CalabriaRende CSItaly
  4. 4.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  5. 5.Hydraulic and Hydrotechnical Research Center (CIHH)Technological University of PanamaPanama CityPanama
  6. 6.Department of Energy and Process EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  7. 7.Delos Living LLCNew YorkUSA

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