- 2.7k Downloads
Rapid innovations in digital communications technologies have fueled the use of mobile phones for delivering health services and information—a phenomenon termed mobile health (mHealth). Current mHealth strategies for health service delivery range from the implementation of simple text message reminders to complex clinical decision support algorithms, and extending in recent years to connect mobile phones to sensors and other portable devices for diagnosis at the point-of-care. This chapter summarizes the current state of mHealth, important strides that have been made in strengthening the global mHealth evidence base, and key ‘best practices’ in scaling mHealth for achieving universal healthcare.
KeywordsMobile health mHealth Digital health 12 common mHealth and ICT applications Universal health care
- AliveCor. Take control of your heart health; 2016.Google Scholar
- Department of Health, Republic of South Africa. MomConnect. 2014. http://www.health.gov.za/index.php/mom-connect. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- Derenzi B, Mitchell M, Schellenberg D, Lesh N, Sims C, Maokola W. e-IMCI: improving pediatric health care in low-income countries. 2008.Google Scholar
- Dimagi. cStock: supply chains for community case management; 2016.Google Scholar
- FHI360. Mobile for Reproductive Health (m4RH). 2017.; http://m4rh.fhi360.org/. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- Fraser H, Bailey C, Sinha C, Mehl G, Labrique AB. Call to action on global eHealth evaluation. Consensus statement of the WHO Global eHealth Evaluation Meeting, Bellagio, Italy. 2011.Google Scholar
- Health Information Systems Programme, University of Oslo. District Health Information System 2 (DHIS2): collect, manage, visualize and explore your data. 2017. https://www.dhis2.org/. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- International Telecommunications Union. ICT facts and figs. 2016.Google Scholar
- Intrahealth. iHRIS: open source human resources information solution. 2017.; https://www.ihris.org/. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- Johnson and Johnson. MomConnect: Connecting Women to Care, One Text at a Time. 2014. https://www.jnj.com/our-giving/momconnect-connecting-women-to-care-one-text-at-a-time. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- Kelly T, Friederici N, Minges M, Yamamichi M. Information and communications for development. The World Bank. 2012: maximizing mobile. Washington DC. 2012.Google Scholar
- Kruk ME, Kujawski S, Moyer CA, et al. Next generation maternal health: external shocks and health-system innovations. Lancet. 2016;Google Scholar
- L'Engle KL, Mangone ER, Parcesepe AM, Agarwal S, Ippoliti NB. Mobile phone interventions for adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2016;138(3). http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/138/3/e20160884.long
- Mehl G, Vasudevan L, Gonsalves L, et al. Harnessing mHealth in low-resource settings to overcome health system constraints and achieve universal access to health. In: Marsch LA, Lord SE, Dallery J, editors. Behavioral health care and technology: using science-based innovations to transform practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015. p. 239–64.Google Scholar
- Mitchell M, Getchell M, Nkaka M, Msellemu D, Van Esch J, Hedt-Gauthier B. Perceived improvement in integrated management of childhood illness implementation through use of mobile technology: qualitative evidence from a pilot study in Tanzania. J Health Commun. 2012;17(Suppl 1):118–27.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- MobiSante: Imaging at the point of c. Smartphone Ultrasound: The MobiUS SP1 system; 2016.Google Scholar
- Qiang CZ, Yamamichi M, Hausman V, Miller R. Mobile applications for the health sector. Washington DC: The World Bank; 2012.Google Scholar
- Regenstrief Institute, Partners in health. Open Medical Record System (OpenMRS). 2017.; http://openmrs.org/. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- THRIVE consortium. Open Smart Register Platform (OpenSRP). 2017. http://smartregister.org/index.html. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
- Vasudevan L, Ghoshal S, Labrique A. mHealth and its role in disease surveillance. In: Blazes DL, Lewis SH, editors. Disease surveillance: technological contributions to global health security. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2016.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. mHealth: New horizons for health through mobile technologies. Switzerland. 2009.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. What is universal health coverage? 2017. http://www.who.int/health_financing/universal_coverage_definition/en/. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.