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Enhancing an Intelligent Tutoring System to Support Student Collaboration: Effects on Learning and Behavior

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNAI,volume 10331)

Abstract

In this study we explore how different methods of structuring collaborative interventions affect student learning and interaction in an Intelligent Tutoring System for Computer Science. We compare two methods of structuring collaboration: one condition, unstructured, does not provide students with feedback on their collaboration; whereas the other condition, semistructured, offers a visualization of group performance over time, partner contribution comparison and feedback, and general tips on collaboration. We present a contrastive analysis of student interaction outcomes between conditions, and explore students reported perceptions of both systems. We found that students in both conditions have significant learning gains, equivalent coding efficiency, and limited reliance on system examples. However, unstructured users are more on-topic in their conversational dialogue, whereas semistructured users exhibit better planning skills as problem difficulty increases.

Keywords

  • Collaborative intelligent tutoring system
  • Feedback
  • Pair programming
  • Collaboration
  • Data structures
  • CS1
  • CS2

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References

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Abraham Lincoln Fellowship 2015–2016 from the University of Illinois at Chicago, and grant NPRP 5–939–1–155 from the Qatar National Research Fund.

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Correspondence to Rachel Harsley .

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Harsley, R., Di Eugenio, B., Green, N., Fossati, D. (2017). Enhancing an Intelligent Tutoring System to Support Student Collaboration: Effects on Learning and Behavior. In: André, E., Baker, R., Hu, X., Rodrigo, M., du Boulay, B. (eds) Artificial Intelligence in Education. AIED 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 10331. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61425-0_54

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61425-0_54

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-61424-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-61425-0

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