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Capturing Network Effects

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Abstract

This chapter develops a method to quantify NEs spilling into neighboring networks or regions, in terms of efficiency and accessibility, as part of a research design which includes the selection of transit strategies capable of conveying these benefits into a regional level and their testing on a case study. Four indicators to measure HSR accessibility are reviewed, each with specific characteristics and usefulness. Thus, the choice to use the network efficiency accessibility (NEA) indicator to analyze accessibility at the regional level is justified by its ability to neutralize the effect of geographical location. Then, to obtain significant results from the selected indicator, there is need to develop a computational procedure. However, not much research has investigated the relation that could be established among transit networks through the exchange of accessibility benefits, especially deriving from connection to hierarchically higher networks, such as interregional and HSR. Thus, network and spillover effects are devised as a reverberation of HSR accessibility through the efficiency of interconnected regional networks. Not only it becomes increasingly important to assess NEs as an accessibility derivate but also because they could account for non-transport benefits of improvements in already well-developed networks. These improvements might regard strategies to integrate, interface or complement HSR at the regional level. It would be the intent of next chapter to identify possible feeder/distributor/transit options and understand how their qualities could affect accessibility benefit distribution within a region.

Keywords

HSR Measure Network Effects Accessibility Region Spillover Impedance Weighting Monetizing Multilevel Efficiency Density Gravity Indicator 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polytechnic Department of Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of UdineUdineItaly

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