Identifying Gaps and Opportunities for Research on Urban and Regional Resilience—Highlighting the Advantages of Research Cooperation
Resilience in urban and regional planning means preparing for the unforeseen, being able to withstand disturbance, dealing with risks in a coordinated way and recovering from destruction and decline. This requires the development of flexible, adaptive and resistant city structures (social, physical and institutional) that can both reactively and proactively adjust or transform to changing conditions. Influential nodes of international discussion on resilience have evolved, with strong guidance provided by a group of research centers and universities which dedicate much of their work to the topic of resilience. However, thus far the city-region discussion has been dominated by research on the effects of natural events (mainly ‘disasters’), and climate change (as a slow burn) (Schiappacasse and Müller 2016). One of the challenges facing city planning researchers and practitioners is to build urban resilience. This can best be achieved by focusing on common research interests and promoting academic cooperation in various contexts and frameworks. The article focuses on answering the following two questions: (a) What do we know about resilience? This section includes a discussion on the conceptual understanding of resilience and the major areas of investigation. (b) Which research topics on resilience could become common research interests? This section of the article focuses on potential topics for joint research and academic cooperation between Japan and Germany.
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