Reconsidering Urban Planning through Community-based Initiatives
This chapter emphasizes the need to reconsider Japanese urban planning through community-based initiatives. The country’s changing urban environment as well as the increasing level of planning uncertainty in its cities are introduced through some examples: Unexpected population decline in Toyota City, an increase in (surface) parking lots in urban center and inner-city neighborhoods, demographic and spatial trends in Yokosuka City and the gradual relocation of urban areas in Owase City. After reviewing the evolution of planning theories and the introduction of a new tentative framework of urban planning, three pioneer cases are introduced in support of this new framework. These case studies are Fujimakicho’s urban park issue, Nishiki 2 District’s low carbon projects and disaster mitigation planning for the Greater Nagoya Region, all of which challenge Japan’s current urban planning framework. While these case studies are basically community-based, they outline a potential pathway to the transformation of formal urban planning processes.
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