Wireless Protocols for Smart Cities

Chapter
Part of the Springer Optimization and Its Applications book series (SOIA, volume 125)

Abstract

Rather than network of people, the Internet of Things (IoT) is network that connects things. It is an interconnection of uniquely identifiable embedded computing devices. It enables things to access data and communicate with one another. Humans will continue to use the Internet, but the future Internet will also be a pipeline for nonhuman devices – machine to machine (M2M) communication. When one connects any type of devices, tons of data will be generated. The promise of IoT is that more automatic and more intelligent services provided by interconnected smart devices will be prevalent with minimal amount of human interaction. Most of the things connected to IoT are actually simple devices that are referred to as smart devices. The devices become smart when joined together with other devices. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts, because everything is communicating with everything else in an intelligent and automated fashion. Any given device connects to other surrounding and relevant devices to share collected data. This creates what experts call ambient intelligence, which results when multiple devices act in unison to carry out everyday activities and tasks using the information and intelligence embedded into the network.

Abbreviations

6LoWPAN

IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Network

AES

Advanced Encryption Standard

BLE

Bluetooth Low Energy

CoAP

Constrained Application Protocol

CON

Confirmable

CoRE

Constrained RESTful Environments

CPU

Central processing unit

DTLS

Datagram Transport Layer Security

GFSK

Gaussian frequency shift keying

HCI

Host controller interface

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IoT

Internet of Things

IP

Internet Protocol

ISM

Industrial Scientific and Medical

JSON

JavaScript Object Notation

M2 M

Machine to machine

MAC

Media access control

MQTT

Message Queue Telemetry Protocol

MTU

Minimum transmission units

NON

Non-confirmable

PAN

Personal area network

PHY

Physical

REST

Representational State Transfer

RFC

Request for Change

RST

Reset

SIG

Special Interest Group

SSL

Secure Socket Layer

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TLS

Transport Layer Security

TSCH

Time Slotted Channel Hopping

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

URI

Universal Resource Identifier

XML

Extended Markup Language

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Delhi School of BusinessNew DelhiIndia

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