Asia’s Cities: Necessity, Challenges and Solutions for Going ‘Smart’

Chapter
Part of the Springer Optimization and Its Applications book series (SOIA, volume 125)

Abstract

Asia is developing, and its cities are going to play a major role in this endeavour to match developed counterparts. Asian trade, population, geographic size of its cities and contribution to global development will only increase in the years to come. Rural settlements or underdeveloped villages are fast converting themselves to smaller towns; smaller towns are converting themselves into small cities, and existing small cities are forging ahead into becoming megacities. This demographic transformation in the urban landscape will only increase the use of resources like land, water, clean air, sanitation, power, transport network and safety in order to survive and grow. The quantity and quality of investment that Asian cities make today in these resources will help them service and sustain their burgeoning population in the future. It is therefore imperative that urban planning, use of technology, futuristic vision and control techniques that are incorporated, work in collaboration to achieve success. Present-day megacities like Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, Shanghai, Manila, Jakarta, Mumbai, Delhi, Karachi, Istanbul, Tehran, Moscow, etc. have their own share of problems; and negotiating their population’s ever-growing demands have turned into a herculean task. These cities can boast of a glorious and historic past, but how they mitigate their current issues, envisage future needs and meticulously plan their future are important. The concept of smart cities is not to be misunderstood as only constructing idealistic new cities from the scratch. While this could be constituted in some developed economies in Asia, having existing megacities and their urban sprawl change their style of operation to suit present and future needs could be a smarter and more beneficial solution. Cities are never built in a single day; they always evolve with time and with the evolving cultural fabric of its residents.

References

  1. Banzal, R.K., Jaiin, A., Yadav, J., Dubey, B.P.: Pattern and distribution of head injuries in fatal road traffic accidents in Bhopal region of Central India. J. Indian Acad. Forensic Med. 37(3), 242–245 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baumgartner, T., Wunderlich, F., Jaunich, A., Sato, T., Bundy, G., Grießmann, N., Kowalski, J., Burghardt, S., Hanebrink, J.: Lighting the Way: Perspectives on the Global Lighting Market (2012)Google Scholar
  3. Bradley, J., Reberger, C., Dixit, A., Gupta, V.: Internet of everything: a 4.6 trillion public-sector opportunity. Cisco White Paper (2013)Google Scholar
  4. Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Considerations for On-road Transport in Asia (Philippines: Asian Development Bank.: Retrieved from http://www.adb.org/Documents/Reports/Energy-Efficiency-Transport/default.asp (2006)
  5. Li, H., Yu, L.: Chinese eco-city indictor construction. Urban Stud. 7, 015 (2011)Google Scholar
  6. Ng, K.: What is a Smart City and how does Asia rank among the world’s best. TechWire Asia. Retrieved from http://techwireasia.com/2016/08/smart-city-asia/ (2016)
  7. Poverty, E: Millennium development goals. United Nations. Available online: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ (2015).
  8. Registrar General, I: Census of India 2011: provisional population totals-India data sheet. Office of the Registrar General Census Commissioner, India. Indian Census Bureau (2011)Google Scholar
  9. Report on the Dialogue on “Energy: Local Action, Global Impact” at the Third Session of the World Urban Forum, Vancouver, Canada, 22 June.: Retrieved from http://www.unhabitat.org/cdrom/dialogues/3b_r.html (2006)
  10. Sankhe, S., Vittal, I.: India’s Urban Awakening: Building inclusive Cities. Sustaining Economic Growth, McKinsey Global Institute Report (2010)Google Scholar
  11. Special Evaluation Study on Urban Sector Strategy and Operations (Philippines, Asian Development Bank): Retrieved from http://www.adb.org/Documents/SES/REG/sst-reg-2006-03/ses-usso.asp (2006)
  12. Tiwari, P., Rao, J., Day, J.: Housing development in a developing India. In: Development Paradigms for Urban Housing in BRICS Countries, pp. 83–139. Palgrave Macmillan UK (2016)Google Scholar
  13. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division: World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/352) (2014a)Google Scholar
  14. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division: Population facts: Our Urbanizing World: August 2014 (No. 2014/3) (2014b)Google Scholar
  15. Urbanization and Sustainability in Asia: Case Studies of Good Practice (Philippines: Asian Development Bank): Retrieved from http://www.adb.org/Documents/Books/Urbanization-Sustainability/default.asp (2006)
  16. World Health Organization: Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015. 2015. Geneva (2015)Google Scholar
  17. Xueqin, J.: China’s Mega City Problem. The Diplomat. Retrieved from http://thediplomat.com (2012)

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Services ConsultantsBengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations