The Evidence-Based Practice: Breastfeeding as a Preventive Factor for Postpartum Depression

  • Marlene Conceição Martins Cunha
  • Emília Carvalho Coutinho
  • Carlos Manuel Figueiredo Pereira
  • Cláudia Margarida Balula Chaves
  • Paula Alexandra Batista Nelas
  • Odete Pereira Amaral
  • Vitória Castro Parreira
  • João Carvalho Duarte
  • Lídia Rosário Cabral
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 621)


Post-partum is expected to be a time of joy. However, this is not always the case, as it can be a time marked by moments of sadness, fatigue and discouragement. This study intended to obtain the best scientific evidence to understand whether breastfeeding has a preventive effect on postpartum depression. For this, an integrative review of the literature was made on the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depression through the databases: EBSCO host, LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, institutional repositories and Google Scholar. Most studies identify breastfeeding as being preventive of postpartum depression, highlighting its importance for the puerperium’s mental health and consequently reducing the chances of developing postpartum depression. An informed and supported woman about breastfeeding will be able to feel confident in her new role. A constant investment by the health team, initiated during the couple’s planning process for pregnancy, is essential, and is maintained throughout pregnancy, delivery and postpartum.


Breastfeeding Postpartum depression Prevention 



This study is financed by national funds through FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, I.P., under the project UID/Multi/04016/2016. Furthermore, we would like to thank the Instituto Politécnico de Viseu and CI&DETS for their support.


Conception and study design: MCMC, ECC; data analysis: MCMC, ECC; manuscript preparation: MCMC, ECC; discussing: MCMC, ECC; revising: MCMC, ECC; approving the article: MCMC, ECC, CMFP, CMBC, PABN, OPA, VCP, JCD, LRC.


Financial support was provided by FCT and the Centro de Estudos em Educação Tecnologia e Saúde, Portugal.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marlene Conceição Martins Cunha
    • 1
  • Emília Carvalho Coutinho
    • 2
  • Carlos Manuel Figueiredo Pereira
    • 2
  • Cláudia Margarida Balula Chaves
    • 2
  • Paula Alexandra Batista Nelas
    • 2
  • Odete Pereira Amaral
    • 2
  • Vitória Castro Parreira
    • 3
  • João Carvalho Duarte
    • 2
  • Lídia Rosário Cabral
    • 2
  1. 1.Personalized Healthcare Unit and Community Care Unit of de CinfãesCinfãesPortugal
  2. 2.Superior School of Health of ViseuPolytechnic Institute of ViseuViseuPortugal
  3. 3.Superior School of Nursing of OportoOportoPortugal

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