Shapes of Design: Traditional Geometry, Symmetry and Representation

Chapter

Abstract

Geometry, traditional arts and design universally contribute both to the formation of ideas that to the creation of form by establishing a cultural contract between art and science. The introduction of digital design media has been imposing new and practical ways to rediscover knowledge or culture in representation and design from traditional arts. The subject of geometric tiling of the Euclidean plane is always a contemporary challenge by combining creative roots of artistic and scientific research. From the ornamental motifs of the Alhambra in Granada and the Mezquita of Cordoba, geometry, shape and colour allow designers to experience a wide range of meanings, ranging from the practical and technical sphere, to the spiritual and sacred one.

Keywords

Traditional arts Geometry Symmetry Design pattern CAD 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Illustrations from Giuditta Margherita Maria Ansaloni (Fig. 1), Elena Cattani (Fig. 2), Marco Dassi (Fig. 3), Federica Cocco (Fig. 4), Silvia De Bellis (Figs. 5, 6) according to the studies and methodologies presented by Daud Sutton in Islamic Design. A genius for geometry, Wooden Books, Glastonbury, 2007.

References

  1. 1.
    Odifreddi, P. (2006). Penna, pennello e bacchetta. Le tre invidie del matematico. Bari: Laterza.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zadro, A. (1982). Filebo. In Platone Opere complete (Vol. 3). Bari: G. Giannantoni, Laterza.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    De Botton, A., & Armstrong, J. (2013). The school of life, art as therapy. London: Phaidon Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kandinsky, W. (1946). On the spiritual in art. New York: Guggenheim Foundation.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Galilei, G. (1623). Il Saggiatore. Rome: Accademia dei Lincei.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pacioli, L. (2010). De Divina Proportione. Riproduzione anastatica della copia conservata presso la Biblioteca Ambrosiana di Milano. Milano: Silvana Editore.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weyl, H. (1952). Symmetry. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wade, D. (2006). Symmetry. The ordering principle. Glastonbury: Wooden Books.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Grasselli, L., & Costa A. (2014). Le forme della simmetria: dai mosaici dell’Alhambra ai mondi di Escher. In M. C. Escher, & M. Bussagli (Eds.), Skira, Ginevra-Milano.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sutton, D. (2007). Islamic design. A genius for geometry. Glastonbury: Wooden Books.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Azzam, K. (2013). Arts & crafts of the Islamic lands: Principles materials practice. London: The Prince’s School of Traditional Arts, Thames & Hudson.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cunningham, L. B. (2010). The Mandala book: Patterns of the universe. New York: Sterling.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of DesignPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations