• Annette Vegas


  • Cardiomyopathies are diseases of the myocardium that result from structurally and functionally abnormal heart muscle causing cardiac dysfunction, in the absence of coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, valvular, and congenital heart disease. These can be familial (genetic mutations) or non-familial.

  • There is no universally agreed upon classification of cardiomyopathies as each tries to integrate Dilated (DCM) anatomy, physiology, and genetics. The one shown here is the simplified European version.

  • Each type may have multiple causes.

  • Echocardiography can easily identify different cardiomyopathies by assessing ventricular function (systolic and diastolic), wall thickness, and chamber size.

  • Alternative diagnostic approaches are endomyocardial biopsy and heart catheterization.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annette Vegas
    • 1
  1. 1.Professor of Anesthesiology, Former Director of Perioperative TEE, Department of AnesthesiaToronto General Hospital, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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