Advertisement

Automaticity

  • Theodore Wasserman
  • Lori Drucker Wasserman
Chapter
  • 510 Downloads

Abstract

NCLT makes use of the following definition: an autonomous process is one that once initiated (regardless of whether it was initiated intentionally or unintentionally), runs to completion with no requirement for conscious guidance, cognitive effort or monitoring. NCLT theory posits that much of what is currently defined as mental disorder actually reflects the development of maladaptive behaviors and thoughts which have become automatic. These maladaptive response tendencies are then inappropriately applied or selected for use in response to specific stimuli. By the process of response generalization these habitual or automatic maladaptive response tendencies are extended onto novel situations thereby developing into generalized response tendencies labeled as disorders. NCLT theory also posits that the individual recognizes the trend of strengthening the automaticity of the generalized and interconnected response tendency that results in outcomes which by themselves cause emotional and mental distress because of recognition of the misapplication and poor section bias.

Keywords

Automaticity Generalization Mental disorder Trigger Cognitive load Small world hub Algorithm Neurocognitive Learning Therapy 

References

  1. Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2003). The silence of the library: Environment, situational norm, and social behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 18–28.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, J. R. (1996). ACT: A simple theory of complex cognition. American Psychologist, 51, 355–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bargh, J. A. (1992). The ecology of automaticity: Toward establishing the conditions needed to produce automatic processing effects. American Journal of Psychology, 105, 181–199.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bargh, J. A., Gollwitzer, P., Lee-Chai, A., Barndollar, K., & Troetschel, R. (2001). The automated will: Nonconscious activation and pursuit of behavioral goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1014–1027.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Braunlich, K., & Seger, C. (2013). The basal ganglia. WIREs Cognitive Science, 4, 135–148. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1217.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Carlson, R. A., & Lundy, D. H. (1992). Consistency and restructuring in cognitive procedural sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 127–141.Google Scholar
  7. Carmody, J. (2015). Mindfulness as a general ingredient of successful psychotherapy. In B. Ostafin, M. Robinson, & B. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness and self-regulation (pp. 235–248). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chan, K., & Mac, W. (2015). Habitual self-stigma: The contributory role of maladaptive coping with self-stigmatizing thoughts. European Psychiatry, 30(Suppl 1), 739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chess, S., & Thomas, A. B. (1967). Behavior problems revisited: Findings of an anterospective study. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 6(2), 321–331.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Greybiel, A., & Rausch, S. (2000). Toward a neurobiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuron, 28(2), 343–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Koziol, K., & Budding, D. (2009). Subcortical structures and cognition. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lang, A. (2013). What mindfullness brings to psychotherapy for anxiety and depression. Depression and Anxiety, 30(5), 409–412. doi: 10.1002/da.22081.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Logan, G. D. (1992). Attention and preattention in theories of automaticity. American Journal of Psychology, 105, 317–339.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. McNally, R. (1995). Automaticity and the anxiety disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33(7), 747–754.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Meichenbaum, D. (1977). Cognitive behaviour modification. Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy, 6(4), 185–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moors, A., & De Houwer, J. (2006). Automaticity: A theoretical and conceptual analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 132(2), 297–326. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.132.2.297.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Perry, G., Castellani, R., Moreira, P., Lee, H., Zhu, X., & Smith, M. (2008). Pathology’s new role: Defining disease process and protective responses. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, 1(1), 1–4.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Rawson, K. (2010). Defining and investigating automaticity in reading. In B. Ross (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (pp. 185–230). Burlington, NJ: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Reverso. (2014). Disease process definition. Retrieved from Reverso: http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-definition/disease%20process
  20. Shell, D., Brooks, D., Trainin, G., Wilson, K., Kauffman, D., & Herr, L. (2010). The unified learning model how motivational, cognitive, and neurobiological sciences inform best teaching practices. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  21. Wasserman, T., & Wasserman, L. (2016). Depathologizing psychopathology. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore Wasserman
    • 1
  • Lori Drucker Wasserman
    • 1
  1. 1.Wasserman and Drucker PABoca RatonUSA

Personalised recommendations