Society, Differentiation and Globalisation

  • Ellen AnnandaleEmail author


First, theories of globalisation and their implications for the analysis of health issues are discussed. Emphasis is on: (1) globalisation as embodied, something often overlooked by sociologists working outside of the field of health and (2) health vulnerabilities that arise from the heightened mobility and connectivities that characterise globalisation, taking migration and health as an illustration. Second, differentiation is considered by highlighting disparities in health vulnerability and the capacity of social groups to protect their health. This is illustrated by reference to the securitisation of health and the health consequences of violent conflict and the special vulnerabilities of children and of women. Third, the influence of interconnectedness of various national healthcare systems and implications for the delivery of effective healthcare are considered.


  1. Amnesty International. (2017). From cradle to war. Accessed 20 Mar 2017.
  2. Bauman, Z. (1998). Globalization: The human consequences. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman, Z. (2007). Liquid times. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  4. Bauman, Z. (2011). Collateral damage: Social inequalities in a global age. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  5. Bauman, Z. (2016). Why the world fears refugees. Accessed 27 Jan 2017.
  6. Beck, U. (2000). What is globalisation? Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  7. Betancourt, T., Agnew-Blais, J., Gilman, S., Williams, D., & Ellis, B. (2010). Past horrors, present struggles: The role of stigma in the association between war experiences and psychosocial adjustment among former child soldiers in Sierra Leone. Social Science & Medicine, 70, 17–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bhambra, G. (2007). Rethinking modernity: Postcolonialism and the sociological imagination. London: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brown, T., Craddock, S., & Ingram, A. (2012). Critical interventions in global health: Governmentality, risk and assemblage. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 102, 1182–1189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Burawoy, M. (2005). For public sociology. American Sociological Review, 70(4), 4–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Butler, J. (2010). Fames of war: When is life grievable? London: Verso.Google Scholar
  12. Castells, E. (2010). The rise of network society (2nd ed.). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. Connell, R. (2007). Southern theory. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  14. Davis, S. (2008). Securitizing infectious disease. International Affairs, 84(2), 295–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Davis, S., & True, J. (2015). Reframing conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence: Bringing gender analysis back in. Security Dialogue, 46(6), 495–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. DeLaet, D. (2015). Whose interests is the securitisation of health serving? In S. Rushton & J. Youde (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of global health security (pp. 339–348). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. DoH (Department of Health). (1989). Working for patients. London: Stationary Office.Google Scholar
  18. DoH. (1997). The new NHS: Modern, dependable. London: Stationary Office.Google Scholar
  19. DoH. (2010). Equality and excellence: Liberating the NHS. London: Stationary Office.Google Scholar
  20. Durkheim, E. (1964). The division of labour in society. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.Google Scholar
  21. Elbe, S. (2010a). Security and global health. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  22. Elbe, S. (2010b). Haggling over viruses: The downside risks of securitizing infectious disease. Health Policy and Planning, 25, 476–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gatrell, A. (2011). Mobilities and health. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  24. Gostin, L., & Roberts, A. (2015). Forced migration: The human face of a health crisis. Journal of American Medical Association, 314(20), 2125–2126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Grove, N., & Zwi, A. (2006). Our health and theirs: Forced migration, othering, and public health. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 1931–1942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hassan, G., Kirmayer, L., MekkiBerrada, A., Quosh, C., el Chammay, R., Deville-Stoetzel, J., Youssef, A., Jefee-Bahloul, H., Barkeel-Oteo, A., Coutts, A., Song, S., & Ventevogel, P. (2015). Culture, context and the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Syrians: A review for mental health and psychosocial support staff working with Syrians affected by armed conflict. Geneva: UNHCR.Google Scholar
  27. Huijts, T., & Kraaykamp, G. (2012). Immigrants’ health in Europe: A cross-classified multilevel approach to examine origin country, destination country, and community effects. International Migration Review, 46(1), 101–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hunter, D. (2016). The health debate (2nd ed.). Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  29. Keeler, S. (2012). First do no harm? Female hysteria, trauma, and the (bio)logic of violence in Iraq. Medical Anthropology, 31(2), 132–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kelly, J., Kabanga, J., Cragin, W., Llcayna-Stevens, L., Haider, S., & Vanrooyen, M. (2012). ‘If your husband doesn’t humiliate you, other people won’t’: Gendered attitudes towards sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Global Public Health, 7(3), 285–298.Google Scholar
  31. Kleinman, A., Das, V., & Lock, M. (1997). Social suffering. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  32. Levy, B., & Sidel, V. (2008). War and public health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McInnes, C., & Rushton, S. (2013). HIV/AIDS and securitization theory. European Journal of International Relations, 19(1), 115–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. National Intelligence Council. (2012). Global trends 2030: Alternative worlds. A publication of the National Intelligence Council. Office of the Director of National Intelligence.Google Scholar
  35. OCHA (Office for the National Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs). (2016). Humanitarian data and trends 2016. New York: OCHA.Google Scholar
  36. Olujic, M. (1998). Embodiment of terror: Gendered violence in peacetime and wartime in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 12(1), 31–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Parsons, T. (1951). The social system. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  38. Rowden, R. (2009). The deadly ideas of neoliberalism. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  39. Scheper-Hughes, N., & Lock, M. (1987). The mindful body: A prolegomenon to future work in medical anthropology. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 1(1), 6–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Scott-Samuel, A., Bambra, C., Collins, C., Hunter, D., McCartney, C., & Smith, K. (2014). The impact of Thatcherism on health and well-being in Britain. International Journal of Health Services, 44(1), 53–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stubbs, T., Kentikelenis, A., Stuckler, D., McKee, M., & King, L. (2017). The impact of IMF conditionality on government health expenditure: A cross-national analysis of 16 West African nations. Social Science & Medicine, 174, 220–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tritter, J., Koivusalo, M., Ollila, E., & Dorfman, P. (2010). Globalisation, markets and healthcare policy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  43. Turner, B. (2004). The new medical sociology. London: W. W. Norton Company.Google Scholar
  44. UNICEF. (2016). No place for children – The impacts of five years of war on Syrian children and their childhoods. New York: UNICEF.Google Scholar
  45. Urry, J. (2000). Sociology beyond societies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  46. Walby, S. (2009). Globalization and inequalities: Complexity and contested modernities. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  47. Walby, S. (2015). Crisis. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  48. World Bank. (2017). World development indicators: Health systems. Accessed 24 Mar 2017.
  49. World Health Organisation (WHO). (2007). The world health report 2007 – A safer future: Global public health security in the twenty-first century. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  50. Zwi, A., & Alvarez-Castillo, F. (2003). Forced migration, globalisation, and public health; getting the big picture into focus. In P. Allotey (Ed.), The health of refugees: Public health perspectives from crisis to settlement (pp. 14–34). South Melbourne: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of YorkYorkUK

Personalised recommendations