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Clerical Fascism: Chile and Austria

  • Robert Leeson
Chapter
Part of the Archival Insights into the Evolution of Economics book series (AIEE)

Abstract

Had Hayek and Mises been genuine Classical Liberals they would have objected to human rights abuses; had they been White Terror promoters masquerading as scholars they would have been indifferent. Mises insisted that countries where order is maintained by ‘the knout and the prison-camp’ should be left ‘alone’; and Hayek objected to ‘interference with the policy of other countries.’ Mises praised the achievements of Fascist Austria and its one-party Corporatist State; and Hayek defended the ‘one-party’ state, Pinochet’s Chile, and the ‘civilisation’ of apartheid from the American ‘fashion’ of ‘human rights’ while dismissing Amnesty International’s evidence about Pinochet’s human rights abuses as ‘allegations’ from ‘a bunch of leftists.’ This chapter describes some common White Terror characteristics of the Clerical Fascist regimes that ruled Austria (1934–1945) and Chile (1973–1990).

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Leeson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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