Advertisement

Urban Informality and Infrastructure Planning in Hong Kong and Lagos Metropolis: Professionals Perspectives

  • Oluwole Soyinka
  • Kin Wai Michael Siu
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 600)

Abstract

This study assesses the professional perspective of urban informality and infrastructure planning in Hong Kong and Lagos metropolis so as to develop a strategy for sustainable urban development and ameliorate the challenges of urban informal settlement and infrastructure planning globally. The study adopts case study methodology with the qualitative method of data collection and mixed method of data analysis through reconnaissance survey, participant observation and the interview of environmental professionals. The data were analyzed through the theme description and descriptive statistics such as tables, pictures, images and the reported statements of the interviewee. The findings of this study reflect that urban informal settlement and infrastructure challenges exist and it’s associated with several other factors. Also, inadequate infrastructure is described to affects the condition of living in Lagos metropolis, but such cannot be stated in Hong Kong, as the proliferation of poor condition of living is more of a system and governance than infrastructure development.

Keywords

Urban informality Urban informal settlement Infrastructure Planning Urbanization Sustainable development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the Hong Kong Research Grant Council for the RGC Ph.D. Fellowship award and The Hong Kong Polytechnic University for their research support to carry out this research. The authors also thank the support of the Lagos State Metropolis and the Hong Kong SAR, public and private professionals (urban planners, architects, and other environmentalist) interviewed for this research study. The efforts of the Public Design Lab researchers and research students, the anonymous reviewers and the editor of this paper were also acknowledged and appreciated

References

  1. 1.
    UN Habitat: State of the World’s Cities 2012/2013 Prosperity of Cities. Routledge for United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat). Routledge, New York (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Douglas, G.C.: The formalities of informal improvement: technical and scholarly knowledge at work in do-it-yourself urban design. J. Urbanism Int. Res. Placemaking Urban Sustain. 9(2), 117–134 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nwokoro, I., Lawanson, T., Ebuethi, O., Fadare, S., Agwu, J., Soyinka, O.: Socioeconomic dynamics and environmental health outcomes in informal settlements of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. J. Constr. Proj. Manage. Innov. 5(1), 1064–1081 (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hernández, F., Kellett, P.W., Allen, L.K.: Rethinking the Informal City: Critical Perspectives from Latin America. Berghahn Books, Oxford (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Soyinka, O., Siu, K.W.M., Lawanson, T., Adeniji, O.: Assessing smart infrastructure for sustainable urban development in the Lagos metropolis. J. Urban Manage. 5, 52–64 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Oduwaye, L.: Globalization and urban land use planning: the case of Lagos, Nigeria. A Paper Presented at the 18th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society Rome, Italy (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Lawanson, T.: Assessment of home-based economic enterprises in residential areas of Lagos metropolis. Ph.D. thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure (2011, unpublished)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abbott, J.: A method-based planning framework for informal settlement upgrading. Habitat Int. 26(3), 317–333 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lawanson, T., Fadare, S.: Environment and health disparities in urban communities: focus on Eti Osa, Nigeria. City Cult. Soc. 6(1), 43–52 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chiu, R.L.: Social equity in housing in the Hong Kong special administrative region: a social sustainability perspective. Sustain. Dev. 10(3), 155 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kennett, P., Mizuuchi, T.: Homelessness, housing insecurity and social exclusion in China, Hong Kong, and Japan. City Cult. Soc. 1(3), 111–118 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ng, S.T., Wong, J.M., Wong, K.K.: A public private people partnerships (P4) process framework for infrastructure development in Hong Kong. Cities 31, 370–381 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang, X., Chen, S.: A systematic framework for infrastructure development through public private partnerships. IATSS Res. 36(2), 88–97 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hong Kong Planning Department (ed.): Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines. Planning Department, The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Baker, S.E., Edwards, R., Doidge, M.: How many qualitative interviews is enough?: expert voices and early career reflections on sampling and cases in qualitative research (2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mason, M.: Sample size and saturation in PhD studies using qualitative interviews. Forum qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum. Qual. Soc. Res. 11(3), 1–9 (2010). ISSN 1438-5627 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Public Design Lab, School of DesignThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityKowloonHong Kong

Personalised recommendations