The Romanian Education System: Historical Perspectives

  • Simona Szakács
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Educational Media book series (PSEM)


In this chapter Szakács locates the Romanian education system within larger world trends in terms of its origins, changing structure, organisation and declared aims. This historical overview covers the establishment of a mass education system in the Romanian provinces at the end of the nineteenth century, education politics in Greater Romania following the First World War, education during state socialism and post-socialist developments following two decades of reform. The key argument is that, while always serving a nation-building script, the Romanian education system has always followed its own evolutionary logic. This is a logic which has widely matched institutionalised models of education worldwide, even if discourses deployed in different historical periods have taken on the specific ideological colouring(s) of their time.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Simona Szakács
    • 1
  1. 1.Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook ResearchMember of the Leibniz AssociationBrunswickGermany

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