Comparative Post-conflict Power Sharing Models for Syria

  • Imad SalameyEmail author
  • Mohammed Abu-Nimer
  • Elie Abouaoun


Salamey, Abu-Nimer, and Abouaoun examine peacebuilding approaches to post-Arab Spring states and compile comparative country analyses derived from different identity politics, nation building, and power sharing models’ experiences in deeply divided societies. This methodology is utilized to induce lessons learned as well as a potential suitable post-conflict power sharing arrangement for Syria. The comparison highlights challenges, opportunities, and prospective options for Syria.


  1. Abdo, Geneive, Nathan Brown, and Frederic Hof. 2016. Religion, Identity, and Countering Violent Extremism. Washington, DC: The Atlantic Council.Google Scholar
  2. Abu-Nimer, Mohammed. 2008. The Role of Religious Peacebuilding in Traumatized Societies: From Withdrawal to Forgiveness. In Peacebuilding in Traumatized Societies, ed. Barry Hart, 239–261. Lanham: University Press of America.Google Scholar
  3. Abu-Nimer, Mohammed, Abdul Aziz Said, and Lakshitha S. Prelis. 2001. Conclusion: The Long Road to Reconciliation. In Reconciliation, Justice and Coexistence: Theory and Practice, 339–348. Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  4. Al-Saleh, Asaad. 2013. Dissecting an Evolving Conflict: The Syrian Uprising and the Future of the Country. Clinton Township: Institute for Social Policy and Understanding and the New American Foundation.Google Scholar
  5. Badran, Dany. 2013. Democracy and Rhetoric in the Arab World. The Journal of the Middle East and Africa 4 (1): 65–86.Google Scholar
  6. Boutros-Ghali, Boutros. 1992. An Agenda for Peace: Preventive Diplomacy, Peacemaking and Peacekeeping. UN Documents, June, 2017.
  7. Collins, Eoin, and Heléne Clark. 2013. Supporting Young People to Make Change Happen: A Review of Theories of Change. Sydney: Act Knowledge and Oxfam.Google Scholar
  8. Heywood, Andrew. 2011. Global Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Human Rights Watch. 2017. Accessed Apr 2017.
  10. Huntington, Samuel P. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Vol. 4. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
  11. Huntington, Samuel. 1996. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  12. Luciani, Giacomo, ed. 1990. The Arab State. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  13. Mac Ginty, Roger, and Andrew Williams. 2009. Conflict and Development. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Odendaal, Andries. 2013. A Crucial Link: Local Peace Committees and National Peacebuilding. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
  15. Peel, Michael. 2011. Assad’s Family Picked Up by the West’s Radar. Financial Times, April 27.Google Scholar
  16. Reese, L. 2016. Peace from the Bottom Up: Strategies and Challenges of Local Ownership in Dialogue-Based Peacebuilding Initiatives. In Shifting Paradigms: Humanity in Action Senior Fellows on Policy and Pluralism Across Borders, ed. Johannes Lukas Gartner. New York: Humanity in Action Press.Google Scholar
  17. Racioppi, Linda, and Katherine O’Sullivan See. 2007. Grassroots Peace-Building and Third-Party Intervention: The European Union’s Special Support Programme for Peace and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland. Peace & Change 32(3): 361–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rowland, Nicolas, and Claire Smith. 2014. Rebuilding State-Society Relations in Post-War States: Assessing a Theory of Change Approach to Local Governance Reform in Timor Leste. JSRP Paper 15. London: JSRP and the Asia Foundation.Google Scholar
  19. Salamey, Imad. 2014. The Government and Politics of Lebanon. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 2017. The Decline of Nation-States After the Arab Spring: The Rise of Communitocracy. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Schirch, Lisa, and Manjrika Sewak. 2005. The Role of Women in Peacebuilding. Issue Papers by Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict. European Centre for Conflict Prevention.Google Scholar
  22. Simonsen, Sven Gunnar. 2004. Nationbuilding as Peacebuilding: Racing to Define the Kosovar. International Peacekeeping 11 (2): 289–311, 304.Google Scholar
  23. The Syrian Center for Policy Research. 2017. Forced Dispersion, Syrian Human Status: The Demographic Report 2016. (June, 2017).
  24. The Syrian Conflict: A systems conflict analysis, ARK group DMCC. 2016.Google Scholar
  25. United Nations High Commission for Refugees. 2017. Syria Regional Refugee Response. (January 2017).
  26. UNSD. 2014. UN Trade Statistics. Retrieved July 2015, from Annual Totals Table for Imports and Exports.
  27. Wilson, J. 2014. Local Peace Processes in Sudan and South Sudan. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Peaceworks.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Imad Salamey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammed Abu-Nimer
    • 2
  • Elie Abouaoun
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Social Justice and Conflict ResolutionLebanese American UniversityBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.Peacebuilding and Development InstituteAmerican UniversityWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.United States Institute of PeaceWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations