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Osteoporosis is the most common cause of vertebral compression fracture. Pain from a compression fracture is multifaceted, incompletely understood, and debilitating. If conservative management fails, then injection therapies are offered. Vertebral augmentation therapy is the most immediate way to treat pain from a vertebral compression fracture. The exact mechanism of pain relief from this therapy is not completely understood. This intervention is not risk-free. Quite often pain persists or recurs soon after this treatment. The chapter reviews different etiologies that can cause persistent pain after the augmentation therapy; an algorithm to work up the patient in a step-by-step fashion is proposed, and treatment options are provided.

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Correspondence to Tariq Malik M.D. .

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Malik, T. (2018). Increased Pain After Kyphoplasty. In: Anitescu, M., Benzon, H., Wallace, M. (eds) Challenging Cases and Complication Management in Pain Medicine. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-60070-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-60072-7

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