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An Agent-Based Evacuation Model with Social Contagion Mechanisms and Cultural Factors

  • C. Natalie van der Wal
  • Daniel Formolo
  • Tibor Bosse
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10350)

Abstract

A fire incident at a transport hub can cost many lives. To save lives, effective crisis management and prevention measures need to be taken. In this project, the effect of cultural factors in managing and preventing emergencies in public transport systems is analysed. An agent–based model of an evacuating crowd was created. Socio-cultural factors that were modelled are: familiarity with environment, response time and social contagion of fear and beliefs about the situation. Simulation results show that (1) familiarity and social contagion decrease evacuation time, while increasing the number of falls; (2) crowd density and social contagion increase evacuation time and falls. All three factors show different effects on the response time. This model will be used by transport operators to estimate the effect of these socio-cultural factors and prepare for emergencies.

Keywords

Crowd model Evacuation simulation Social contagion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was undertaken as part of EU H2020 IMPACT GA 653383. We thank our Consortium Partners and stakeholders for their input.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Natalie van der Wal
    • 1
  • Daniel Formolo
    • 1
  • Tibor Bosse
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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