Diagnostic Criteria in Peptic Ulcer Disease

Chapter

Abstract

The accurate detection of H. pylori, a major cause of peptic ulcer, is essential for managing infected patients. A number of invasive and noninvasive diagnostic methods are currently available. Tests differ in sensitivity and specificity, and the choice of which diagnostic method to use is highly personalized and influenced by clinical setting, cost, the pretest probability of infection, and the use of medications that generally reduce the density of bacteria and decrease the accuracy of test.

This chapter provides an overview of diagnostic tests used to identify H. pylori infection, depicts their general methodological aspects, and evaluates their validity and limitation in clinical practice.

Keywords

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Rapid urease test Urea breath test Stool antigen test 

Abbreviations

CagA

Cytotoxin-associated gene A

CO2

Carbon dioxide

EGD

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

EIA

Enzyme immunoassay

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ESPGHAN

European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

FISH

Fluorescence in situ hybridization

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FRET

Fluorescence resonance energy transfer

ICA

Immunochromatography

MALT

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

NASPGHAN

North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PPI

Proton pump inhibitor

RUT

Rapid urease test

SAT

Stool antigen test

UBT

Urea breath test

VacA

Vacuolating cytotoxin A

WB

Western blot

Notes

Acknowledgments

Supported by grant from the Medical University of Lodz (#502-03/1-156-04/502-14-343 to PM and #502-03/1-156-04/502-14-298 to MS), grant from National Science Centre (#UMO-2016/21/N/NZ5/01932 to PM and #UMO-2013/11/N/NZ7/02354 to MS), and Iuventus Plus program of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (IP2015 068774 to MS).

Disclosure

The authors have nothing to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryFaculty of Medicine, Medical University of LodzLodzPoland

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