Pathophysiology and Risk Factors in Peptic Ulcer Disease
Understanding peptic ulcer disease (PUD) pathophysiology and risk factors influencing PUD course poses a great challenge. In this chapter the role of noxious and protective factors in pathophysiology of PUD are discussed. The impact of obesity, alcohol consumption, smoking, as well as genetic factors and use of NSAIDs are also presented. Nowadays, the effective therapies based on inhibition of gastric acid production and Helicobacter pylori eradication provide a gold standard in PUD treatment. Nonetheless, the role of all the abovementioned factors on PUD course should be considered during diagnosis and therapy. Thus, it is important to remember that PUD is a multifactorial disease, and its management should not be based on a simple cause-effect relationship but be tailored for an individual patient.
KeywordsGastric acid Obesity Smoking Pathophysiology Peptic ulcer disease Risk factors
Epidermal growth factor receptor
- H. pylori
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Peptic ulcer disease
Transforming growth factor-α
Hubert Zatorski is the recipient of the Diamentowy Grant Program of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (No.0202/DIA/2015/44).
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