Review of Basic Principles

  • David W. Hollar


We describe eight basic principles of Trajectory Analysis that are applicable to health care: continuous change, multiple variables, action and non-action causes and effects, systems resiliency, the Lyapunov exponent as a measure of change, Type 0 phase shifts to generate change, energy potentials and health, and poor health as chaos. The science of nonlinear and trajectory dynamics is growing rapidly, although it remains mostly theoretical. Cardiology and neuroscience have introduced these concepts to improve human health. Our next steps are to expand this science into health care to support current statistical and epidemiological methods.



Phase response curve


Search for extraterrestrial intelligence


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Hollar
    • 1
  1. 1.Health AdministrationPfeiffer UniversityMorrisvilleUSA

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