Considering Congestion Costs and Driver Behaviour into Route Optimisation Algorithms in Smart Cities

  • Pablo AlvarezEmail author
  • Iosu Lerga
  • Adrian Serrano
  • Javier Faulin
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10268)


Congestion costs have been excluded from the study of traditional vehicle routing problems until very recently. However, with our urban areas experiencing higher levels of traffic congestion, with the increase in on-demand deliveries, and with the growth of intelligent transport systems and smart cities, researchers are raising awareness on the impact that traffic congestion and driver behaviour has for urban logistics. This paper studies the evolution of the vehicle routing problem, focusing on how traffic congestion costs and driver behaviour effects have been considered so far, and analysing how the research community has to deal with this challenge.


Vehicle routing problem Congestion Driver behaviour Smart cities Big Data 



This work has been partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (TRA2013-48180-C3-P and TRA2015-71883-REDT), FEDER, and the Ibero-American Program for Science and Technology for Development (CYTED2014-515RT0489).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo Alvarez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Iosu Lerga
    • 1
  • Adrian Serrano
    • 1
  • Javier Faulin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Statistics and OR, Institute of Smart CitiesPublic University of NavarraPamplonaSpain

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