A Robust and Lightweight Protocol Over Long Range (LoRa) Technology for Applications in Smart Cities

  • Félix Sasián
  • Diego GachetEmail author
  • Miguel Suffo
  • Ricardo Therón
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10268)


The implementation of Smart Cities requires technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT). This paradigm aims to integrate and use in Internet electronic embedded devices like sensors, in order to share information and allowing interaction from anywhere. Standard communication protocols used in IoT for data transmission are based in general on FSK (Frequency Shift Keying) techniques that do not have the range and necessary performance to deal with this new scenery. With this situation in mind Semtech Technologies have developed a new modulation technique called LoRa (Long Range) based on spread spectrum that offer a new communication model for low power and long range networks, impossible to implement with other techniques. In this paper, we describe a new communication protocol implemented over the physical layer of LoRa providing effectiveness, robustness and low power consumption suitable for IoT applications in the context of smart cities. Results obtained related with the coverage analysis confirm the success of the selection of this technology and opens new horizons for developing useful applications in domains like smart cities, e-health, smart factory, remote monitoring and control, etc.


Internet of things Cloud computing Wireless protocol LoRa technology Smart City Sensors Big data 



This work is still being developed through the support of Desing3 S.L Company. Some aspects of this project were studied through funds granted by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness under project iPHealth (TIN-2013-47153-C3-1).


  1. 1.
    Letaifa, B.S.: How to strategize Smart Cities: revealing the SMART model. J. Bus. Res. 68(7), 1414–1419 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    UN-Habitat. The City Resilience Profiling Programme, CRPP (2012)., Accessed 20 Nov 2016
  3. 3.
    Giffinger, R.: Smart Cities. Ranking of European medium-sized cities. October, vol. 16, pp. 13–18 (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    WCCD ISO 37120. World Council City Data (2015).
  5. 5.
    UNWTO. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2015 edn. (2015)., Accessed 10 Dec 2016
  6. 6.
    Atzori, L., Lera, A., Morabito, G.: The Internet of Things: a survey. Comput. Netw. 54(15), 2787–2805 (2010). ElsevierCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hannan, M.A., Al Mamun, M.A., Hussain, A., Basri, H., Begum, R.A.: A review on technologies and their usage in solid waste monitoring and management systems: issues and challenges. Waste Manage. 43, 509–523 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Páez, D.G., de Buenaga Rodríguez, M., Sánz, E.P., Villalba, M.T., Gil, R.M.: Big data processing using wearable devices for wellbeing and healthy activities promotion. In: Cleland, I., Guerrero, L., Bravo, J. (eds.) IWAAL 2015. LNCS, vol. 9455, pp. 196–205. Springer, Cham (2015). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-26410-3_19 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Margelis, G., Piechocki, R., Kaleshi, D., Thomas, P.: Low throughput networks for the IoT: lessons Learned from industrial implementations. In: Proceedings 2015 IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT) (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Semtech. LoRa Technology (2015)., Accessed 10 Nov 2016
  11. 11.
    Sasián, F., Theron, R., Gachet, D.: Protocolo para comunicación inalámbrica en instalaciones de energías renovables. Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI 13(3), 310–321 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Semtech, Sx1272/73. Datasheet (2015)., Accessed 12 May 2015

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Félix Sasián
    • 1
  • Diego Gachet
    • 2
    Email author
  • Miguel Suffo
    • 3
  • Ricardo Therón
    • 4
  1. 1.Desing3 SLRecinto Interior Zona Franca Nave 1-A1CádizSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Europea de MadridVillaviciosa de OdónSpain
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design, Engineering SchoolUniversidad de CádizPuerto RealSpain
  4. 4.Carbon Management - Solar Energy, Research & Development CenterSaudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations