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An Effective Corpus-Based Question Answering Pipeline for Italian

  • Emanuele DamianoEmail author
  • Raffaele Spinelli
  • Massimo Esposito
  • Giuseppe De Pietro
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 76)

Abstract

Question Answering is a longevous field in computer science, aimed at realizing systems able to answer questions expressed in natural language. However, building Question Answering systems for Italian and able to extract answers from a corpus pertaining a closed domain is still an open research problem. Indeed, extracting clues from a question to generate a query for the information retrieval engine as well as determining the likelihood that a candidate answer is correct are two very thorny tasks. To face these issues, the paper presents a Question Answering pipeline for Italian and based on a corpus of documents pertaining a closed domain. In particular, this pipeline exhibits functionalities for: (i) analyzing natural language questions in Italian by using lexical features; (ii) handling both factoid and description answer types and, depending on them, filtering contextual stop words from questions; (iii) scoring and selecting candidate answers with respect to their type in order to determine the best one. The proposed solution has been subject to an evaluation of its performance using standard metrics, showing promising results.

Keywords

Question Answering Cognitive Systems NLP 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emanuele Damiano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raffaele Spinelli
    • 1
  • Massimo Esposito
    • 1
  • Giuseppe De Pietro
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Council of ItalyInstitute for High Performance Computing and Networking - ICARNaplesItaly

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