User Requirements for Prediabetes Self-care Application: A Healthcare Professional Perspective

  • Suthashini SubramaniamEmail author
  • Jaspaljeet Singh Dhillon
  • Mohd. Sharifuddin Ahmad
  • Joyce W. S. Leong
  • Cameron Teoh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 5)


The number of people with diabetes is increasing dreadfully in the world today. Efforts to prevent diabetes should be taken at the prediabetes stage itself, because with proper lifestyle changes, diabetes can be prevented or delayed. As such, a self-care application can help prediabetics to monitor their own health to prevent diabetes. The objective of this study is to explore the healthcare professionals’ perspectives that contribute to behavioural change in prediabetics and the user requirements for a self-care application. We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight healthcare professionals. Pre-determined set of open-ended questions were asked by the interviewer to prompt the discussion. Thematic Analysis approach was used to evaluate the responses. Overall, the health professionals were keen with the idea of empowering prediabetics to take control of their health conditions via a self-care application incorporating behaviour change techniques. Several functions were suggested to be included into the application such as forums to allow discussions among the prediabetics, coaching to communicate with healthcare professionals and peer/family support to motivate them to use the applications continuously.


Self-care Behavioural change Blood glucose Diabetes prevention Mobile application Web technology 



This study is funded by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS). We thank the healthcare professionals for their time and willingness to share their viewpoints with us.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suthashini Subramaniam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jaspaljeet Singh Dhillon
    • 1
  • Mohd. Sharifuddin Ahmad
    • 2
  • Joyce W. S. Leong
    • 3
  • Cameron Teoh
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Information SystemsUniversiti Tenaga NasionalPutrajayaMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Software EngineeringUniversiti Tenaga NasionalPutrajayaMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Nursing and RehabilitationUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyHelp UniversityKuala LumpurMalaysia

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