Postmodernists: Confronting Neoliberalism (1993–2018)

Chapter
Part of the Sociology Transformed book series (SOTR)

Abstract

Postmodernism reached Israel in the late 1980s and the 1990s, enticing young cohort of scholars, while irritating older ones. It was embraced by radical intellectuals in tandem with the diffusion in Israel of late-capitalist culture in the wake of the neoliberal turn of the 1980s. It was, as is the case elsewhere, in part, an effect of neoliberalism and in part, a reaction to it. The impact of postmodernism was first felt in the artistic and aesthetic spheres and later spilled over to the humanities and, finally, to the social sciences. Three sociological approaches are discussed in this context: cultural studies; Bourdieusian sociology ; and new Marxist sociology.

Keywords

Adi Ophir Cultural studies Hannah Herzog Militarism Motti Regev Neoliberalism New Marxism Orna Sasson-Levy  Pierre Bourdieu Post-Fordism Postmodernism Uri Ram  Yagil Levy 

References

  1. Abuhav, Orit. 2010. In the Company of Others: The Development of Anthropology in Israel. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Aharon-Gutman, Meirav. 2013. Riding the Culture Train: An Ethnography of a Plan for Social Mobility through Music. Cultural Sociology 7 (4): 447–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ailon, Galit, and Dana Arieli. 2011. Emphatic Criticism: New Reflection on the Role of the Critical Sociologist. Israeli Sociology 13(1): 9–27.Google Scholar
  4. Ailon, Galit. 2016. Apprehensions in the Financial Market: Popular Financial Discourse. Israeli Sociology 16 (1): 56–81.Google Scholar
  5. Alfasi, Nurit, and Tovi Fenster. 2005. A Tale of Two Cities: Jerusalem and Tel Aviv in an Age of Globalization. City 22 (5): 351–363.Google Scholar
  6. Balaban, Avraham. 1995. A Different Wave in Israeli Fiction, Postmodern Israeli Fiction. Jerusalem: Keter (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  7. Bar-on, Shani. 2013. Waving a Community: Workers in Ofakim 1955–1991. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  8. Ben Porat, Amir. 1993. The State and Capitalism in Israel. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  9. Ben Porat, Amir. 1999. Where Is the Bourgeoisie? A History of the Israeli Bourgeoisie. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  10. Ben Porat, Amir. 2002. From Game to Commodity: Israeli Football 1948–1999. Ramat Gan: Bialik Institute and Ben Gurion University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ben Porat, Guy. 2006. Global Liberalism, Local Populism: Peace and Conflict in Israel/Palestine and Northern Ireland. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Ben Porat, Amir. 2011. How Israel Became Capitalist. Haifa: Pardes (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  13. Ben Porat, Guy. 2013. Between State and Synagogue: The Secularization of Contemporary Israel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Berger, Tamar. 2015. Auto-Topia: The Intermediary Space of the Israeli Suburb. Hakibbuts Hameuhad (Hebrew): Tel Aviv.Google Scholar
  15. Berkovitch, Nitza. 2014. Motherhood as a National Mission: The Construction of Womanhood in the Legal Discourse in Israel. In Israeli Feminist Scholarship: Gender, Zionism and Difference, ed. E. Fuchs. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  16. Bernstein, Deborah. 2007. Women in the Margins: Women and Gender in Mandatory Tel Aviv. Yad Yitzhak Ben Zvi (Hebrew): Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  17. Bernsten, Deborah. 2000. Contrasting Boundaries: Jewish and Arab Workers in Mandatory Palestine. Albany, NY: State University of New Press.Google Scholar
  18. Cohen, Yinon, Yitchak Haberfeld, Tali Kristal, and Guy Mundlak. 2007. The State of Organized Labor in Israel. Journal of Labor Research 28 (2): 255–273.Google Scholar
  19. Dahan-Kalev, Henriette. 2016. Debates within Israeli Feminism. In Handbook of Israel; Major Debates, ed. Ben-Rafael, E. at al., 409–422. Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg.Google Scholar
  20. Drori, S. Gili, John Meyer, and H. Hwang (eds.). 2006. Globalization and Organization: World Society and Organizational Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Ehrlich, Avishai. 1987. Israel: Conflict, War and Social Change. In The Sociology of War and Peace, ed. C. Creighton and M. Shaw, 121–142. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ehrlich, Avishai. 2003. Zionism, Anti-Zionism, Post-Zionism. In The Sociology of War and Peace, ed. Ephraim Nimni, 63–97. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  23. Filc, Dani. 2009. Circles of Exclusion: The Politics of Health Care in Israel. New York: ILR Press.Google Scholar
  24. Filc, Dani. 2010. The Political Right in Israel: Different Faces of Jewish Populism. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Frenkel, Michal. 2008. The Americanization of the Anti-managerialist Alternative in Israel: How Foreign Experts Re-theorized and Disarmed Workers’ Participation in Management, 1950–1970. International Studies of Management & Organization 38 (4): 17–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Frenkel, Michal, Yehouda Shenhav, and Hannah Herzog. 2000. The Ideological Wellspring of Zionist Capitalism: The Impact of Private Capital and Industry on the Shaping of the Dominant Zionist Ideology. In The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization, ed. Gershon Shafir and Yoav Peled, 43–69. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  27. Frenkel, Michal, and Yehouda Shenhav. 2003. Decolonizing Organization Theory: Between Orientalism and Occidentalism. Critical Management Studies. Google Scholar
  28. Fuchs, Esther. (ed.). 2014. Israeli Feminist Scholarship: Gender, Zionism and Difference. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  29. Galber, Yoav. 2011. Nation and History: Israeli Historiography between Zionism and Post-Zionism. New York: Valentine Mitchell.Google Scholar
  30. Galnur, Yitzhak, Amir Paz-Fux, and Nomika Zion. (eds.). 2015. The Policy of Privatization in Israel: State Responsibility and the Boundaries between Public and Private. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute and HaKibbutz HaMeuhad (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  31. Gelernter, Lior, and llana F. Silber. 2009. Bourdieu’s Reception in Israeli Sociology: The Fragmented Imprint of a Grand Theory, Sociologica 1: 1–28.Google Scholar
  32. Goldin, Sigal. 2012. Anorexia in Israel or Israeli Anorexia? Culture Dependent Symptom in Global Context. Israeli Sociology 4 (1): 105–141.Google Scholar
  33. Grinberg, Lev Luis. 2013. Mo(ve)ments of Resistance: Politics, Economy and Society in Israel/Palestine 1931–2013. Boston: Academic Studies Press.Google Scholar
  34. Grinberg, Lev Luis. 1997. Weak Workers, Strong Workers: Structure and Dynamics in the Israeli Political Economy. Theory and Criticism 9: 61–80 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  35. Grosglik, Rafi. 2017. Organic Food, Alternative Eating and Global Culture in Israel. Tel Aviv: Resling Publishing (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  36. Haidar, Aziz. 2004. The Development of Research and the Status of the Arab Minority in Israeli Society. In State and Community, ed. Moshe Naor, 116–135. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.Google Scholar
  37. Hashiloni-Dolev, Yael. 2007. A Life (Un)Worthy of Living Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany. Dordrecht: Springer. Google Scholar
  38. Hazan, Haim. 2003. The Sociological Body: On the Representative Status of the Body. Israeli Sociology 5 (1): 219–230.Google Scholar
  39. Helman, Anat. 2011. A Coat of Many Colors: Dress Culture in the Young State of Israel. Boston: The Academic Studies Press.Google Scholar
  40. Herzog, Hanna. 2008. Re/visioning the Women’s Movement in Israel. Citizenship Studies 12 (3): 265–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Herzog, Hanna. 2009. The Test of Time: A Critical Look at the Transformation of Gender Discourse. Israel Studies in Language and Society 2 (1): 10–30 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  42. Kaplan, Dana. 2013. Food and Class Distinction at Israeli Weddings: New Middle Class Omnivores and the ‘Simple Taste’. Food, Culture and Society 16 (2): 245–264.Google Scholar
  43. Katz-Gerro, Tally, and Yossi Shavit. 1998. The Stratification of Leisure and Taste: Classes and Lifestyles in Israel. European Sociological Review 14 (4): 369–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Krampf, Arie. 2010. Economic Planning of the Free Market in Israel during the First Decade: The Influence of Don Patinkin on Israeli Policy Discourse. Science in Context 23 (3): 507–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Kristal, Tali. 2013. Slicing the Pie: State Policy, Class Organization, Class Integration, and Labor’s Share of Israeli National Income. Social Problems 60 (1): 100–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Kristal, Tali. 2014. Israel’s Political Economy and Rising Income Inequality, 1970–2010. Israeli Sociology 15 (2): 1–30 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  47. Lavie, Noah. 2006. Tailoring Globalization: Globalization, the State, and the Textile Industry in Israel. Theory and Criticism 29: 103–125 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  48. Levi-Faur, David. 2001. The Visible Hand: State-Directed Industrialization in Israel. Yad Ben-Zvi (Hebrew): Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  49. Levy, Yagil. 1997. Trial and Error: Israel’s Route from War to De-escalation. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  50. Levy, Yagil. 2007a. From the People’s Army to the Army of Peripheries. Carmel (Hebrew): Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  51. Levy, Yagil. 2007b. Israel’s Materialist Militarism. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  52. Levy, Yagil. 2015. The Supreme Command: the Theologization of Israel’s Military. Tel Aviv: Am Oved Publishing (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  53. Levy, Gal, and Orna Sasson-Levy. 2008. Militarized Socialization, Military Service and Class Reproduction: The Experiences of Israeli Soldiers. Sociological Perspectives 51 (2): 349–374.Google Scholar
  54. Lomsky-Feder, Edna, and Tamar Rapoport. 2012. Israelis in Their Own Way: Migration Stories of Young Adults from the Former USSR. Jerusalem: Magnes Press (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  55. Maman, Dan. 2004. Business Groups in Israeli Economy. In Israel in The Global Era, ed. Uri Ram and Dani Filc, 116–30. Tel Aviv: Van Leer and HaKibbutz HaMeuhad (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  56. Maman, Daniel. 2002. The Emergence of Business Groups: Israel and South Korea Compared. Organization Studies 23 (5): 737–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Maman, Daniel, and Zeev Rosenhek. 2011. The Israeli Central Bank: Political Economy, Global Logics and Local Actors. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  58. Manza, Jeff, and M.A. McCarthy. 2011. The Neo-Marxist Legacy in American Sociology. Annual Review of Sociology 37: 155–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Maron, Asa, and Michael Shalev. (eds.). 2017. Neo-liberalism as a State Project Changing Critical Economy in Israel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Meoded-Danon, Limor. 2015. The Body/Secret Dynamic: Life Experiences of Intersexed People in Israel. SAGE Open 5 (2). http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2158244015580370.
  61. Mesch, Gustavo, and Ilan Talmud. 2010. Wired Youth: The Social World of Adolescence in the Information Age. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  62. Mishori, Daniel, and Anat Maor. (eds.). 2012. Harmful Employment: Systematic Exlusion and Exploitation in the Labor Market. Ahva: The Social-Economic College (Hebrew). http://sea.org.il/he/precarious_employment_book/.
  63. Mundlak, Guy. 2007. Fading Corporatism: Israel’s Labor Law and Industrial Relations in Transition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  64. Mundlak, Guy, Yishak Saporta, Yitchak Haberfeld, and Yinon Cohen. 2013. Union Density in Israel 1995–2010: The Hybridization of Industrial Relations. Industrial Relations 52 (1): 78–101.Google Scholar
  65. Nimni, Ephraim. (ed.). 2003. The Challenge of Post-Zionism: Alternatives to Fundamentalist Policies in Israel. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  66. Pappe, Ilan. 2014. The Idea of Israel: A History of Power and Knowledge. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  67. Penslar, Derek J., and Anita Shapira. (eds.). 2013. Israeli Historical Revisionism: From Left to Right. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  68. Ram, Uri. 2008. The Globalization of Israel: McWorld in Tel Aviv, Jihad in Jerusalem. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  69. Ram, Uri. 2011. Israeli Nationalism: Social Conflicts and the Politics of Knowledge. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  70. Ram, Uri, and Nitza Berkvitch. (eds.). 2007. In/Equality. Tel Aviv: Ben Gurion University Press and the Bialik Institute (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  71. Regev, Motti. 2000. To Have a Culture of Our Own; Israeliness and its Variants. Ethnic and Racial Studies 23 (2): 233–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Regev, Motti. 2011. Sociology of Culture: A General Introduction. Raanana: Open University (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  73. Regev, Motti, and Edwin Seroussi. 2004. Popular Music and National Culture in Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  74. Resnik, Julia, and Michal Frenkel. 2000. From Critical Sociology to Sociology of Criticism: The Pragmatic Sociology of Look Boltanski. Theory and Criticism 17: 101–122 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  75. Rosenhek, Zeev. 2011. Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion in the Israeli Welfare State: State Building and Political Economy. In The Contradictions of Israeli Citizenship: Land, Religion and State, ed. Bryan Turner and Guy Ben Porat, 63–86. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  76. Rosenhek, Zeev, and Michael Shalev. 2013. The Political Economy of Israel ‘Social Justice’ Protest’ a Class and Generational Analysis. Contemporary Social Science. http://pluto.huji.ac.il/~mshalev/Papers/Rosenhek-Shalev%20Israeli%20protest_Cont%20Soc%20Sci.pdf.
  77. Sallaz, Jeffrey J., and Jane Zaviska. 2007. Bourdieu in American Sociology 1890–2004. Annual Review of Sociology 33: 21–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Sasson-Levi, Orna. 2011. From the Military as a Gendered Organization to Militarized Inequality Regimes, Research on Gender and the Military in Israel. Israel Studies Review 26 (2): 73–98.Google Scholar
  79. Sasson-Levy, Orna. 2006. Identities in Uniforms: Masculinity and Femininity in the Israeli Army. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press.Google Scholar
  80. Shafir, Gershon, and Yoav Peled. 2002. Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Shalev, Michael. 1996. The Labor Movement in Israel: Ideology and Political Economy. In The Social History of Labor in the Middle East, ed. Elis J. Goldberg, 131–161. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  82. Shalev, Michael. 1997. Zionism and Liberalization: Change and Continuity in Israel’s Political Economy. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations. Google Scholar
  83. Shalev, Michael. 1998. Have Globalization and Liberalization “normalized” Israel’s Political Economy? Israel Affairs.Google Scholar
  84. Shalev, Michael, and Gal Levy. 2004. Losers and Winners in the 2003 Elections. In The Elections in Israel 2003, ed. Asher Arian and Michal Shamir, 247–276. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  85. Shalev, Michael, and Gal Levy. 2005. The Winners and Losers of 2003: Ideology, Social Structure and Political Change. In The Elections in Israel—2003, ed. Asher Arian and Michal Shamir. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  86. Shuval, Judith T., and Ofra Anson. 2000. Social Structure and Health in Israel. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  87. Silber, Ilana. 2001. Critiquing Critical Sociology: From Pragmatic to Cultural Sociology. Theory and Criticism 19: 189–211 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  88. Silberstein, Laurence Jay. (ed.). 1999. The Post-Zionism Debates: Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  89. Simon, Susen. 2015. The Postmodern Turn in the Social Sciences. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  90. Swartz, David L. 2006. Pierre Bourdieu and North American Political Sociology: Why He Doesn’t Fit in But Should. French Politics 4: 84–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Swedberg, Richard. 2007. Principles of Economic Sociology. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  92. Swirski, Shlomo. 2011. Towards a New Wages Pyramid. Tel Aviv: Adva Center (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  93. Swirski, Shlomo. 2016. The Best Possible Good: Outline for Israeli Social Democratic Policy. http://adva.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/swirski-social-democracy.pdf (Hebrew).
  94. Swirski, Shlomo, Etty Konor-Atias, and Rotem Zelingher. 2015. Israel: Social Report 2015—No Change in Inequality Trends in Sight. http://adva.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/social-2015-Eng.pdf.
  95. Swirski, Shlomo, and Etty Konor-Atias, Noga Dagan-Buzaglo, and Rotem Zelingher. 2016. Workers, Employers and the Distribution of Israel’s National Income—Labor Report 2015.Google Scholar
  96. Swirski, Shlomo, Yaron Hoffman-Dishon. 2016. The Burden of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict 2015. http://adva.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/E-occupation_20151.pdf.
  97. Tene, Ofra. 2013. The White Houses Will Fill Up: Daily Life in Tel Aviv Apartments in Mandatory Times. Hakibbutz Hameuhad (Hebrew): Tel Aviv.Google Scholar
  98. Tenenbaum, Ilana. 2008. The Time of the Post: The 1980s’ in Israeli Art. 23–62 in idem (Editor), Checkpoint: The 1980s’ in Israeli Art. Haifa: Haifa Museum of Art.Google Scholar
  99. Trajtenberg, Graciela. 2005. Between Nationalism and Art: The Construction of the Israeli Field of Art during the Yishuv Period and the State’s Years. Jerusalem: The Hebrew University Magnes Press.Google Scholar
  100. Tzfadia, Erez, and Haim Yacobi. (eds.). 2011. Rethinking Israeli Space; Periphery and Identity. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  101. Weiss, Meira. 2002. The Chosen Body: The Politics of the Body in Israeli Society. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  102. Yair, Gad. 2009. Pierre Bourdieu: The Last Musketeer of the French Revolution. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  103. Yiftachel, Oren. 2006. Ethnocracy: Land and Identity Politics in Israel/Palestine. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyBen Gurion University of the NegevBeer ShevaIsrael

Personalised recommendations