Shift in the Regional Balance of Power from Europe to Asia: A Case Study of ICT Industry

  • Zahid LatifEmail author
  • Jianqiu Zeng
  • Shafaq Salam
  • Zulfiqar Hussain
  • Lei Wang
  • Nasir Jan
  • Muhammad Salman
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


During the last couple of decades, ICT sector became the most innovative service sector that affected the living standards of human beings all over the world. In the beginning of the 21st century, some of the Asian countries made reforms in the ICT sector and spent an enormous amount for the progress of this sector. On the other hand, developed countries in the European Union (EU) faced different crises which badly affected the dissemination of this sector. Consequently, EU countries lost their hegemony in the field of information technology and resultantly, some of the emerging Asian countries like China, India, and South Korea got supremacy over the EU in this field. Currently, these countries have a strong IT infrastructure, R&D sector, IT research centers working for the development of ICT. Moreover, this paper investigates reasons for the shifting of the balance of digital power from Europe to Asia.


Information and communication technology (ICT) Infrastructure R&D One belt One road Game changer Supremacy 


  1. 1.
    Altman RC (2009) The great crash, 2008: a geopolitical setback for the west. Foreign Aff 88(1):2–0014Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bannister F, Connolly R (2014) ICT, public values and transformative government: a framework and programme for research. Gov Inf Q 31(1):119–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bastarrica F (2014) Mergers and acquisitions HR index. SSRN Electron J.
  4. 4.
    Buzan B (2013) China and the US: comparable cases of ‘peaceful rise’? Chin J Int Polit 6(2):109–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chesbrough HW (2006) The open innovation model: implications for innovation in JapanGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Coen D (2009) Business lobbying in the European Union. Lobbying the European Union Institutions Actors & IssuesGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cox M (2012) Power shifts, economic change and the decline of the west? Int Relat 26(4):369–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cox M, Booth K, Dunne T (1999) The interregnum: controversies in world politics 1989–1999. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dadush U, Stancil B (2010) The world order in 2050Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Friedberg AL (2000) Arming China against ourselves. Commentary 108(1):27–33Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Halliday F (1996) Book review: Michael COX, US foreign policy after the cold war: superpower without a mission? Millenn J Int Stud 25(1):174–175 (London: Royal institute of international affairs and pinter, 1995, 148 pp, no price given)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hawksworth J, Tiwari A (2011) The world in 2050: the accelerating shift of global economic power: challenges and opportunities. PwC-PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hodara J, Ohmae K (1987) Beyond national borders: reflections on Japan and the world. Foreign Aff 65(5):1103Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hoge JF (2004) A global power shift in the making: is the united states ready? Foreign Aff 83(4):2–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kunigami A, Navas-Sabater J (2010) Options to increase access to telecommunications services in rural and low-income areas. Access & Download StatisticsGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Looney RE (2014) Handbook of emerging economiesGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mamaghani F (2010) The social and economic impact of information and communication technology on developing countries: an analysis. Int J Manage 18(7):79–79Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Masuda Y (1980) The information society: as post-industrial society. Institute for the Information SocietyGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mearsheimer JJ (2001) The tragedy of great power politics. Foreign Aff 80(6):173Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nepelski D, Prato GD (2012) Internationalisation of ICT R&D: a comparative analysis of Asia, the European Union, Japan, United States and the rest of the world. Asian J Technol Innov 20(2):219–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nepelski D, De Prato G, Stancik J (2011) Internationalisation of ICT R&D. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre, European CommissionGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ross RS (2006) Balance of power politics and the rise of China: accommodation and balancing in East Asia. Secur Stud 15(3):355–395MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ross RS (2012) The geography of the peace: East Asia in the twenty-first century. Int Secur 23(4):81–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schaub M (2009) Foreign investment in China-entry, operation and exit strategy. CCH Hong Kong LimitedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Singh A (1997) Financial liberalisation, stockmarkets and economic development. Econ J 107(442):771–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sudan R, Bank W (2010) The global opportunity in it-based services: assessing and enhancing country competitiveness. World Bank Publications, pp 214–219Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Toffler A (1991) Power shift: Knowledge, wealth, and violence at the edge of the 21st century. Powershift Knowl Wealth Violence Edge Century 5(4):91–92Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Williams F (1989) Measuring the information society 4(1):82–83Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wohlers M, Giansante M et al. (2014) Shedding light on net neutrality: towards possible solutions for the Brazilian case. In: International Telecommunications Society Conference, pp 87–99Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    WorldBank (1997) Global economic prospects and the developing countries. WorldBankGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhao Y (2014) Communication, crisis, & global power shifts: an introduction. Int J Commun 8(2):26Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahid Latif
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jianqiu Zeng
    • 1
  • Shafaq Salam
    • 1
  • Zulfiqar Hussain
    • 1
  • Lei Wang
    • 1
  • Nasir Jan
    • 2
  • Muhammad Salman
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of EconomicsBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsGomal UniversityKhyber PakhtunkhwaPakistan

Personalised recommendations