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Economic and Academic Importance of Radish

Chapter
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

Radish is important as a root vegetable, a leafy vegetable, a fruit vegetable, an oil crop, and also as a cover plant. The economic importance and characteristics of radish differ between the East and the West of the world. In the East, there are radish cultivars having large roots with various shapes called “Asian big radish” and those grown for production of immature pods or oil seeds, whereas radish is a small vegetable grown within one month in the West. Asian big radish is expected to eventually become popular in the West. Radish belongs to the genus Raphanus, but is similar to the Brassica species except for the shape of pods and seeds. Despite their similarities, the order of genes in chromosomes is quite different between Raphanus and Brassica. Radish genome sequences have been published from three groups using similar cultivars, and therefore, collaboration for combining sequence data is considered to be effective for determination of more reliable genome sequences. Some radish lines have high salt tolerance and disease resistance different from Brassica crops. Radish also has a characteristic glucosinolate composition. Since radish can be crossed with Brassica species, it is also important as a genetic resource for Brassica crop breeding.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceTohoku UniversityAoba-ku, SendaiJapan

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