Perspectives of Using Endophytic Microbes for Legume Improvement

  • Muhammad NaveedEmail author
  • Muhammad Zahir Aziz
  • Muhammad Yaseen


Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) have long been used as inoculant for optimizing legume production, but their survival under hostile field conditions is conflicted. Endophytes among PGPR are the microorganisms that live inside different plant tissues for at least part of their life without harming their host. Beneficial endophytes facilitate plant growth by enhancing uptake of plant nutrients, protecting plants from phytopathogens and increasing tolerance against environmental stresses. Nevertheless, the cellular interactions between pulses and endophytes for improving legumes growth and yields are variable. The endophytic colonization and diversity, various growth promontory aspects, and recent advances in endophyte-legume interactions with consequential impact on legume production have been discussed comprehensively. Considering the importance of endophytic microorganisms, it is likely that their use in agricultural practices will play a pivotal role and offer environmentally friendly strategy for increasing legume productivity while decreasing chemical inputs.


Endophyte Legumes Endophyte-legume interaction Growth improvement 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Naveed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Zahir Aziz
    • 1
  • Muhammad Yaseen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan

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