Experience with the Mobile4D Disaster Reporting and Alerting System in Lao PDR
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is used to support developing countries in many different ways, such as poverty reduction, public services enhancement, and disaster management and recovery. Mobile4D is a software framework that applies the crowdsourcing paradigm to facilitate information exchange between people during disaster situations. It acts as a disaster reporting and alerting system as well as an information sharing platform. Mobile4D facilitates rapid communication between local citizens and administrative units. Moreover, it allows exchanging experience and knowledge between people to reduce poverty and increase living standards. The Mobile4D framework has been deployed in a pilot study in three provinces in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). The study was limited to report particular types of disasters, however, it revealed further use cases and identified the required extension of Mobile4D to cover the entire country. This paper presents a report about Mobile4D: initiative, challenges, status, and further extensions.
KeywordsICT4D Crowdsourcing Volunteered geographic information Disaster management Location based services Mobile technologies
We gratefully acknowledge valuable suggestions by Lutz Frommberger and Falko Schmid in numerous discussions.
This work was partially funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the projects SOCIAL (FR 806/15) and Human-centered relational feature classification for VGI (FR 806/17) in the priority program VGIScience, as well as a Fellowship from the Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg Institute for Advanced Study to Peter Haddawy. Moreover, we thank Lao DECIDE info phase III (CDE/SDC) and Food Nutrition Marketing Linkage (FNML/IFAD) for their support in the deployment of the test system and organizing training in Laos.
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