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Risk Stratification of Lung Nodules Using 3D CNN-Based Multi-task Learning

  • Sarfaraz HusseinEmail author
  • Kunlin Cao
  • Qi Song
  • Ulas Bagci
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10265)

Abstract

Risk stratification of lung nodules is a task of primary importance in lung cancer diagnosis. Any improvement in robust and accurate nodule characterization can assist in identifying cancer stage, prognosis, and improving treatment planning. In this study, we propose a 3D Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based nodule characterization strategy. With a completely 3D approach, we utilize the volumetric information from a CT scan which would be otherwise lost in the conventional 2D CNN based approaches. In order to address the need for a large amount of training data for CNN, we resort to transfer learning to obtain highly discriminative features. Moreover, we also acquire the task dependent feature representation for six high-level nodule attributes and fuse this complementary information via a Multi-task learning (MTL) framework. Finally, we propose to incorporate potential disagreement among radiologists while scoring different nodule attributes in a graph regularized sparse multi-task learning. We evaluated our proposed approach on one of the largest publicly available lung nodule datasets comprising 1018 scans and obtained state-of-the-art results in regressing the malignancy scores.

Keywords

Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) Lung nodule characterization 3D Convolutional Neural Network Multi-task learning Transfer learning Computed Tomography (CT) Deep learning 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarfaraz Hussein
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kunlin Cao
    • 2
  • Qi Song
    • 2
  • Ulas Bagci
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Research in Computer Vision (CRCV)University of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.CuraCloud CorporationSeattleUSA

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