Convergent Cross Mapping: Theory and an Example

  • Anastasios A. Tsonis
  • Ethan R. Deyle
  • Hao Ye
  • George Sugihara


In this review paper we present the basic principles behind convergent cross mapping, a new causality detection method, as well as an example to demonstrate it.


Causality Nonlinearity Dynamical systems 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anastasios A. Tsonis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ethan R. Deyle
    • 3
  • Hao Ye
    • 3
  • George Sugihara
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mathematical Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences GroupUniversity of Wisconsin - MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Hydrologic Research CenterSan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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