The 3D Printing of Tactile Maps for Persons with Visual Impairment

  • Roman RenerEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10278)


The safe and efficient mobility of persons with visual impairment may be secured with the development of new aids, based on new computer methods and technologies. The issue of mobility and accessibility is one of the central concerns in the development of »smart cities« and of accessible service for all inhabitants of urban areas. We will present an automated procedure for the production of tactile maps with the latest 3D printing technology for visually impaired persons. By employing a new method, which entailed the linking of geolocation data (digital maps, digital spatial images), new 3D tactile designing process and 3D print technology, we have reduced the costs and accelerated the production of tactile maps for visually impaired persons, and ensured the transportability of the products by converting them into a digital (STL) format. To exhibit the use of our new methodology, several production cases from Slovenia will be presented: the tactile map of the Slovene Ethnographic Museum, the tactile model of the Sečovlje Salina – the traditional production of salt, the tactile plate of the famous Schutze ceramic plate from 1886, the tactile map of the Library of the Union of the Blind and Partially Sighted of Slovenia, and the tactile map for orientation and mobility of the capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana.


3D tactile maps Visually impaired persons Indoor and outdoor accessibility 


  1. 1.
    Bader, S.: The Designer Says. Princeton Architectural Press, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berdman, D.: Do good Design - How Designers Can Change The World, Berkeley, USA (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brvar, R.: Geografija nekoliko drugače, Didaktika in metode pouka geografije za slepe in slabovidne učence, Zavod Republike Slovenije za šolstvo, Ljubljana, Slovenia (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dawidson, E.: Pedestrian navigation in Stocholm, how local data together with advanced positioning techniques can be used for detailed routing. In: Proceedings of the 16th ITS World Congress, Stocholm, Sweden (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eriksson, Y., Jansson, G., Strucel, M.: Tactile maps. The Swedish Braille Authority, Enskede (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hudson, B.: How to optimaze your design for FDM 3D printing (2016).
  7. 7.
    Kermauner, A.: Umetnost za vse. Revija za elementarno izobraževanje, znanstveni članek. Pedagoška fakulteta Maribor, Slovenia (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rener, R.: Tactile Maps and Diagrams, Master work, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia (1993)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rener, R.: Tactile cartography: another view of tactile cartographic symbols. Cartographic J. 30, 195–198 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Virtanen, A., Koschinen, S.: NOPPA-navigation and guidance system for the blind. In: Proceedings of the 11th ITS World Congress, Nagoya, Japan (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vovk, M.: Načrtovanje in prilagajanje grajenega okolja v korist funkcionalno oviranim ljudem, Urbanistični inštitut Slovenije, Ljubljana, Slovenia (2000)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    The ASK-IT project (2009).

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geodetic Institute of SloveniaLjubljanaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations