European Standards Developed in Support of the European Union Nickel Directive

Chapter

Abstract

As a result of the increasing prevalence of nickel allergy arising from exposure to consumer articles, the European Union introduced the Nickel Directive in 1994. The purpose of this legislation was to establish a nickel release limiting value, which would prevent primary nickel sensitisation. The limiting value specified was 0.5 μg/cm2/week, which is applicable to nickel-containing consumer articles having prolonged and direct contact with the skin. For articles inserted into pierced parts of the body, the nickel release limiting value is 0.2 μg/cm2/week. Consumer articles coming into these two categories are not allowed onto the market place unless they conform to their respective limiting values.

The European standards required to prove conformity with this directive were developed by various technical committees belonging to the European Committee for Standardisation. Various revisions and amendments have been made to these standards since they were published in 1998. The European Standard 1811 provides a method for the quantitative measurement and compliance assessment of the nickel release from consumer articles. For coated articles, European Standard EN 12472 provides a method to simulate the accelerated wear and corrosion that can occur to an article. A qualitative indication of the nickel release can be obtained by applying the dimethylglyoxime screening test CR 12471.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agosi, Allgemeine Gold- und Silberscheideanstalt AGPforzheimGermany

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