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Metal Allergy pp 273-283 | Cite as

Hypersensitivity to Cardiovascular Implants: Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices and Septal Occluders

  • Golara Honari
  • Farshad Raissi
Chapter

Abstract

The increasing application of medical devices in the management of various medical and surgical conditions and introduction of various implantable biomedical devices comes with concerns about biocompatibility and putative hypersensitivity. There is an increasing trend of referrals to allergists and dermatologists for pre- and postoperative assessment of patients with suspected allergies to components of medical devices. Hypersensitivity reactions to medical devices can present as localized dermatoses, systemic hypersensitivities, or device malfunction. This chapter provides an overview of the current evidence on hypersensitivity reactions associated with devices used in invasive electrophysiological procedures such as pacemakers. Another category of devices reviewed in this chapter is septal occluders and putative hypersensitivities associated with them.

Keywords

Medical device allergy Metal hypersensitivity Metal allergy Pacemaker foramen ovale occluder Contact dermatitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stanford University School of MedicineRedwood CityUSA
  2. 2.Cardiac Electrophysiologist, Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center, Clinical Assistant Professor of MedicineUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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