Metals and Corrosion

Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, corrosion and metal release are described and examples provided of both corrosion failure and the importance of a passive protective layer in everyday materials. The thermodynamically most favorable state of a metal can be predicted by the use of Pourbaix diagrams, and the nobility of a given metal can be evaluated at standard conditions by using the electrochemical series. We describe how electrochemical studies of a given metal in a given solution can be carried out to evaluate more exact corrosion kinetics, e.g., with the purpose of lifetime prediction for the metal itself or estimation of metal release into a given solution.

References

  1. 1.
    Marcus P, Oudar J. Corrosion mechanisms in theory and practice. New York: CRC; 1995.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pourbaix M. Atlas of electrochemical equilibria in aqueous solutions. English ed. Oxford: Pergamon; 1966.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ASTM G5 – 94. Standard reference test method for making potentiostatic and potentiodynamic anodic polarization measurements. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

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