Metal Allergy pp 137-162 | Cite as

Metals in Everyday Life



The most common and perhaps the most important route of exposure to allergenic metals in modern humans is via everyday consumer objects, such as jewelry, clothing, leather, and technological devices. Nickel, cobalt, chromium and gold, especially, are ubiquitous in daily-use objects. Nickel release from jewelry is common and ear piercing remains the most important risk factor for the development of nickel contact allergy. Cobalt and chromium are frequently found in leather products and gold is commonly used in jewelry. There is abundant clinical evidence of allergic contact dermatitis from metals released from daily-use objects and many exposure studies have been performed seeking to better characterize which allergenic metals are released from which products. Exposure to allergenic metals via technological devices such as mobile phones, laptops, and tablets is likely growing. The pediatric population in particular seems at risk for metal allergic contact dermatitis from daily-use objects. Metal exposure via daily-use objects is frequent and clinicians should be aware of the ways these items can elicit metal allergic contact dermatitis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and AllergyHerlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of CopenhagenHellerupDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine, Division of DermatologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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